OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

A circular binary sequence is a finite sequence of 0's and 1's for which the first and last digits are considered to be adjacent. Rotations are distinguished from each other. Also called a marked cyclic binary sequence.

a(n) is also equal to the number of circular compositions of n into an odd number of 1's, 2's, and 3's.

LINKS

Joshua P. Bowman, Compositions with an Odd Number of Parts, and Other Congruences, J. Int. Seq (2024) Vol. 27, Art. 24.3.6. See p. 19.

Petros Hadjicostas and Lingyun Zhang, On cyclic strings avoiding a pattern, Discrete Mathematics, 341 (2018), 1662-1674.

W. O. J. Moser, Cyclic binary strings without long runs of like (alternating) bits, Fibonacci Quart. 31 (1993), no. 1, 2-6.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (0,1,2,3,2,1).

FORMULA

EXAMPLE

a(1)=1 because 0 is the only allowed sequence of length one, and a(2)=2 because 01 and 10 are the only allowed sequences of length two.

The allowed sequences of length three are 000, 011, 101, and 110. The allowed sequences of length four are 0001, 0010, 0100, and 1000. Thus a(3)=a(4)=4.

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{0, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1}, {1, 2, 4, 4, 11, 20}, 50]

CROSSREFS

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Joshua P. Bowman, Sep 27 2023

STATUS

approved