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A327753 Primes powers (A246655) congruent to 4 mod 5. 3
4, 9, 19, 29, 49, 59, 64, 79, 89, 109, 139, 149, 169, 179, 199, 229, 239, 269, 289, 349, 359, 379, 389, 409, 419, 439, 449, 479, 499, 509, 529, 569, 599, 619, 659, 709, 719, 729, 739, 769, 809, 829, 839, 859, 919, 929, 1009, 1019, 1024, 1039, 1049, 1069, 1109, 1129, 1229, 1249 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Numbers k such that x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 factors into two irreducible quadratic polynomials over GF(k).

Note that x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 is reducible over GF(k) if and only if there exists some a in GF(k) such that a^2 - a - 1 = 0, and then x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 = (x^2 + a*x + 1) * (x^2 + (1-a)*x + 1). There exists some a in GF(k) such that a^2 - a - 1 = 0 if and only if kronecker(k,5) = 1, or k == 1, 4 (mod 5). If k == 1 (mod 5), then x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 can be further factored into four linear polynomials.

This sequence consists of numbers of the form p^(2e+1) where prime p == 4 (mod 5) and p^(4e+2) where prime p == 2, 3 (mod 5),

LINKS

Marius A. Burtea, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

EXAMPLE

k = 4: let GF(4) = GF(2)[w], w^2 + w + 1 = 0, then x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 = (x^2 + w*x + 1)*(x^2 + (w+1)*x + 1);

k = 9: let GF(9) = GF(3)[i], i^2 = -1, then x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 = (x^2 + (-1+i)*x + 1)*(x^2 + (-1-i)*x + 1);

k = 19: in GF(19), x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 = (x^2 + 5x + 1)*(x^2 - 4x + 1).

MATHEMATICA

Select[Range@ 1250, And[PrimePowerQ@ #, Mod[#, 5] == 4] &] (* Michael De Vlieger, Sep 27 2019 *)

PROG

(PARI) isok(n) = isprimepower(n) && (n%5==4)

(MAGMA) [n:n in [2..1250]|IsPrimePower(n) and (n mod 5 eq 4)]; // Marius A. Burtea, Sep 26 2019

CROSSREFS

Cf. A137827, A327752.

Intersection of A016897 and A246655.

Sequence in context: A184723 A075649 A199972 * A100448 A059820 A180784

Adjacent sequences:  A327750 A327751 A327752 * A327754 A327755 A327756

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Jianing Song, Sep 24 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 3 10:03 EDT 2022. Contains 355050 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)