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 A303843 The number of unlabeled trees with n nodes rooted at 3 indistinguishable roots. 2

%I

%S 0,0,1,4,15,51,175,573,1866,5978,19000,59859,187503,584012,1811212,

%T 5595239,17228943,52898764,162013452,495100454,1510029296,4597430832,

%U 13975327501,42422033217,128606150706,389423872694,1177925775148,3559477190797,10746362772325

%N The number of unlabeled trees with n nodes rooted at 3 indistinguishable roots.

%C A unique path exists between any two of the roots. These will intersect at a single vertex which might coincide with one of the original roots. This intersecting vertex can be chosen as a root to which the other trees are attached. - _Andrew Howroyd_, May 03 2018

%H Andrew Howroyd, <a href="/A303843/b303843.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..500</a>

%F G.f.: g(x)*(g(x)^3 + 3*g(x)*g(x^2) + 2*g(x^3) + 3*g(x)^2 + 3*g(x^2))/(6*(1 + g(x)) where g(x)=T(x)/(1-T(x)) and T(x) is the g.f. of A000081. - _Andrew Howroyd_, May 03 2018

%e a(3)=1 (all nodes are roots). a(4)=4: the linear tree has the non-root node either at a leaf or not, and the star tree has the non-root node either at the center or at a leaf.

%t m = 30; T[_] = 0;

%t Do[T[x_] = x Exp[Sum[T[x^k]/k, {k, 1, j}]] + O[x]^j // Normal, {j, 1, m}];

%t g[x_] = T[x]/(1 - T[x]) + O[x]^m // Normal;

%t g[x]((g[x]^3 + 3g[x]g[x^2] + 2g[x^3] + 3g[x]^2 + 3g[x^2])/(6(1 + g[x]))) + O[x]^m // CoefficientList[#, x]& // Rest (* _Jean-François Alcover_, Feb 16 2020, after _Andrew Howroyd_ *)

%o (PARI) \\ here TreeGf is gf of A000081

%o TreeGf(N) = {my(A=vector(N, j, 1)); for (n=1, N-1, A[n+1] = 1/n * sum(k=1, n, sumdiv(k, d, d*A[d]) * A[n-k+1] ) ); x*Ser(A)}

%o seq(n) = {my(T=TreeGf(n)); my(g=T/(1-T)); T*(g^3 + 3*subst(g,x,x^2)*g + 2*subst(g,x,x^3) + 3*g^2 + 3*subst(g,x,x^2))/6}

%o concat([0,0], Vec(seq(30))) \\ _Andrew Howroyd_, May 03 2018

%Y 4th column of A294783.

%Y Cf. A000081 (1-rooted), A303833 (2-rooted).

%K nonn

%O 1,4

%A _R. J. Mathar_, May 01 2018

%E Terms a(11) and beyond from _Andrew Howroyd_, May 03 2018

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Last modified May 16 13:42 EDT 2021. Contains 343947 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)