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 A291624 Number of ways to write n as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers such that p = x + 2*y + 5*z, p - 2 and p + 4 are all prime. 2
 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 3, 1, 0, 1, 2, 2, 0, 3, 7, 3, 0, 4, 4, 1, 0, 4, 7, 3, 0, 3, 5, 2, 0, 4, 6, 2, 0, 2, 3, 3, 0, 4, 8, 3, 0, 5, 8, 2, 0, 2, 5, 2, 0, 5, 8, 4, 0, 4, 5, 2, 0, 5, 6, 4, 0, 1, 8, 5, 0, 3, 9, 3, 0, 6, 8, 3, 0, 5, 13, 5, 0, 9, 9, 2, 0, 4, 6, 6, 0, 7, 11, 4, 0, 8, 10, 5, 0, 2, 11, 5, 0, 3, 10, 4, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,6 COMMENTS Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n > 1 not divisible by 4. See also A291635 for a stronger conjecture. LINKS Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167-190. Zhi-Wei Sun, Restricted sums of four squares, arXiv:1701.05868 [math.NT], 2017. EXAMPLE a(2) = 1 since 2 = 0^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 with 0 + 2*1 + 5*1 = 7, 7 - 2 = 5 and 7 + 4 = 11 all prime. a(5) = 1 since 5 = 2^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 with 2 + 2*0 + 5*1 = 7, 7 - 2 = 5 and 7 + 4 = 11 all prime. a(181) = 1 since 181 = 1^2 + 6^2 + 0^2 + 12^2 with 1 + 2*6 + 5*0 = 13, 13 - 2 = 11 and 13 + 4 = 17 all prime. a(285) = 1 since 285 = 10^2 + 4^2 + 5^2 + 12^2 with 10 + 2*4 + 5*5 = 43, 43 - 2 = 41 and 43 + 4 = 47 all prime. MATHEMATICA SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]; TQ[p_]:=TQ[p]=PrimeQ[p]&&PrimeQ[p-2]&&PrimeQ[p+4]; Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]&&TQ[x+2y+5z], r=r+1], {x, 0, Sqrt[n]}, {y, 0, Sqrt[n-x^2]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[n-x^2-y^2]}]; Print[n, " ", r], {n, 1, 100}] CROSSREFS Cf. A000040, A000118, A000290, A022004, A271518, A281976, A290935, A291150, A291191, A291455, A291635. Sequence in context: A346061 A053382 A031253 * A291635 A308243 A268386 Adjacent sequences: A291621 A291622 A291623 * A291625 A291626 A291627 KEYWORD nonn,look AUTHOR Zhi-Wei Sun, Aug 28 2017 STATUS approved

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