%I #16 Aug 09 2017 20:18:01
%S 2,2,3,4,5,7,9,12,16,21,28,37,49,67,91
%N Size of largest triangle occurring in any of the possible dissections of an equilateral triangle into n equilateral triangles with integer sides, assuming gcd(s_1,s_2,...,s_n)=1, s_k being the side lengths.
%C a(4)=1. A dissection into 5 triangles is impossible.
%C The size of the smallest triangle is 1 for triangles with maximum ratio of sizes between largest and smallest triangle for all n <= 20. If dissections with maximum size of largest occurring triangle and size of smallest triangle > 1 are found for larger n, there might be different configurations leading to a maximum ratio between largest and smallest side having a shorter largest side than the one provided as a(n). If this situation occurs for any n > 20, it shall be indicated in a corresponding comment.
%H Ales Drapal, Carlo Hamalainen, <a href="https://arxiv.org/abs/0910.5199">An enumeration of equilateral triangle dissections</a>, arXiv:0910.5199 [math.CO], 20092010.
%e a(11)=7:
%e *
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / 7 \
%e / \
%e / \
%e / \
%e ***
%e / \ / \ / \
%e / \ 3 / \ / \
%e / 2 \ / \ 4 / \
%e ** / \ / \
%e / \ 2 / \ / 4 \ / 4 \
%e / \ ** \ / \
%e / 2 \ / \ / \ / \
%e *****
%e More illustrations are provided on pages 1719 of the Drapal and Hamalainen article.
%Y Cf. A167123, A290653.
%K nonn,hard,more
%O 6,1
%A _Hugo Pfoertner_, Aug 09 2017
