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 A266965 Primes of the form p = a^2 + b^2 where |a^2 - b^2| is composite. 0
 17, 29, 37, 41, 53, 73, 89, 97, 101, 109, 113, 137, 149, 157, 173, 193, 197, 229, 233, 241, 257, 269, 277, 281, 293, 313, 317, 337, 349, 353, 373, 389, 397, 401, 409, 433, 449, 457, 461, 509, 521, 541, 557, 569, 577, 593, 601, 613, 617, 641, 653, 661, 673, 677, 701, 709 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS Inspired by A266954. A266954 is a subsequence. A067756 lists primes of the form p = a^2 + b^2 where |a^2 - b^2| is prime. So union of 2, A067756 and this sequence gives A002313. 2 is an exception because 1^2 - 1^2 = 0 is not prime or composite. LINKS EXAMPLE 17 is a term because 4^2 + 1^2 = 17 is prime and 4^2 - 1^2 = 15 is composite. 29 is a term because 5^2 + 2^2 = 29 is prime and 5^2 - 2^2 = 21 is composite. 37 is a term because 6^2 + 1^2 = 37 is prime and 6^2 - 1^2 = 35 is composite. MATHEMATICA lim = 50; Take[Select[Union@ Flatten@ Table[If[CompositeQ[Abs[a^2 - b^2]], a^2 + b^2, Nothing], {a, lim}, {b, lim}], PrimeQ], 56] (* Michael De Vlieger, Jan 07 2016 *) PROG (PARI) is(n) = {for( i=1, #n=factor(n)~%4, n[1, i]==3 && n[2, i]%2 && return); n && ( vecmin(n[1, ])==1 || (n[1, 1]==2 && n[2, 1]%2))} f(p) = my(s=lift(sqrt(Mod(-1, p))), x=p, t); if(s>p/2, s=p-s); while(s^2>p, t=s; s=x%s; x=t); s; forprime(p=3, 1e3, if(is(p) && !isprime(2*f(p)^2-p), print1(p, ", "))); (PARI) list(lim) = my(v=List(), t); lim\=1; for(x=2, sqrtint(lim), for(y=1, min(sqrtint(lim-x^2), x), if(isprime(t=x^2+y^2) && !isprime(x^2-y^2), listput(v, t)))); vecsort(Vec(v), , 8) CROSSREFS Cf. A002313, A067756, A266954. Sequence in context: A350101 A319265 A238572 * A081985 A087937 A103739 Adjacent sequences:  A266962 A266963 A266964 * A266966 A266967 A266968 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Altug Alkan, Jan 07 2016 STATUS approved

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Last modified May 21 04:46 EDT 2022. Contains 353887 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)