

A262403


Number of ways to write pi(T(n)) = pi(T(k)) + pi(T(m)) with 1 < k < m < n, where T(x) is the triangular number x*(x+1)/2, and pi(x) is the number of primes not exceeding x.


7



0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 1, 3, 4, 4, 4, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 4, 3, 4, 6, 4, 5, 2, 3, 6, 4, 1, 5, 8, 3, 2, 6, 1, 4, 5, 4, 2, 7, 2, 4, 5, 5, 5, 3, 4, 9, 9, 4, 5, 4, 8, 7, 6, 9, 4, 7, 5, 6, 2, 5, 9, 3, 8, 5, 6, 8, 5, 4, 3, 8, 4, 8, 7, 8, 5, 7, 8, 7, 4, 6, 2, 7, 7, 8, 7, 4, 5, 6, 4, 6, 4, 6, 4, 6, 6
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OFFSET

1,8


COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 4, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 32, 38, 445, 727.
(ii) All those numbers pi(T(n)) (n = 1,2,3,...) are pairwise distinct. Moreover, if sum_{i=j,...,k}1/pi(T(i)) and sum_{r=s,...,t}1/pi(T(r)) with 1 < j <= k and j <= s <= t have the same fractional part but the ordered pairs (j,k) and (s,t) are different, then j = 2, k = 5 and s = t = 4.
Clearly, part (i) is related to addition chains, and the first assertion in part (ii) is an analog of Legendre's conjecture that pi(n^2) < pi((n+1)^2) for all n = 1,2,3,....
See also A262408 and A262409 for related conjectures involving powers.


REFERENCES

R. K. Guy, Unsolved Problems in Number Theory, 3rd Edition, Springer, 2004. (Cf. Section C6 on addition chains.)
ZhiWei Sun, Problems on combinatorial properties of primes, in: M. Kaneko, S. Kanemitsu and J. Liu (eds.), Number Theory: Plowing and Starring through High Wave Forms, Proc. 7th ChinaJapan Seminar (Fukuoka, Oct. 28  Nov. 1, 2013), Ser. Number Theory Appl., Vol. 11, World Sci., Singapore, 2015, pp. 169187.


LINKS

ZhiWei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000
ZhiWei Sun, Problems on combinatorial properties of primes, arXiv:1402.6641 [math.NT], 2014.


EXAMPLE

a(5) = 1 since pi(T(5)) = pi(15) = 6 = 2 + 4 = pi(3) + pi(10) = pi(T(2)) + pi(T(4)).
a(6) = 1 since pi(T(6)) = pi(21) = 8 = 2 + 6 = pi(3) + pi(15) = pi(T(2)) + pi(T(5)).
a(7) = 1 since pi(T(7)) = pi(28) = 9 = 3 + 6 = pi(6) + pi(15) = pi(T(3)) + pi(T(5)).
a(10) = 1 since pi(T(10)) = pi(55) = 16 = 2 + 14 = pi(3) + pi(45) = pi(T(2)) + pi(T(9)).
a(12) = 1 since pi(T(12)) = pi(78) = 21 = 3 + 18 = pi(6) + pi(66) = pi(T(3)) + pi(T(11)).
a(32) = 1 since pi(T(32)) = pi(528) = 99 = 9 + 90 = pi(28) + pi(465) = pi(T(7)) + pi(T(30)).
a(38) = 1 since pi(T(38)) = pi(741) = 131 = 32 + 99 = pi(136) + pi(528) = pi(T(16)) + pi(T(32)).
a(445) = 1 since pi(T(445)) = pi(99235) = 9526 = 2963 + 6563 = pi(27028) + pi(65703) = pi(T(232)) + pi(T(362)).
a(727) = 1 since pi(T(727)) = pi(264628) = 23197 = 10031 + 13166 = pi(105111) + pi(141778) = pi(T(458)) + pi(T(532)).


MATHEMATICA

f[n_]:=PrimePi[n(n+1)/2]
T[m_, n_]:=Table[f[k], {k, m, n}]
Do[r=0; Do[If[MemberQ[T[k+1, n1], f[n]f[k]], r=r+1]; Continue, {k, 2, n2}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 1, 100}]


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000217, A000720, A111208, A262408, A262409, A262439, A262446.
Sequence in context: A256132 A303476 A187201 * A343491 A326952 A109909
Adjacent sequences: A262400 A262401 A262402 * A262404 A262405 A262406


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

ZhiWei Sun, Sep 21 2015


STATUS

approved



