

A250120


Coordination sequence for planar net 3.3.3.3.6 (also called the fsz net).


6134



1, 5, 9, 15, 19, 24, 29, 33, 39, 43, 48, 53, 57, 63, 67, 72, 77, 81, 87, 91, 96, 101, 105, 111, 115, 120, 125, 129, 135, 139, 144, 149, 153, 159, 163, 168, 173, 177, 183, 187, 192, 197, 201, 207, 211, 216, 221, 225, 231, 235
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OFFSET

0,2


COMMENTS

There are eleven uniform (or Archimedean) tilings (or planar nets), with vertex symbols 3^6, 3^4.6, 3^3.4^2, 3^2.4.3.4, 4^4, 3.4.6.4, 3.6.3.6, 6^3, 3.12^2, 4.6.12, and 4.8^2. Grünbaum and Shephard (1987) is the best reference.
a(n) is the number of vertices at graph distance n from any fixed vertex.
The Mathematica notebook can compute 30 or 40 iterations, and colors them with period 5. You could also change out images if you want to. These graphs are better for analyzing 5iteration chunks of the pattern. You can see that under iteration all fragments of the circumferences are preserved in shape and translated outwards a distance approximately sqrt(21) (relative to small triangle edge), the length of a long diagonal of larger rhombus unit cell. The conjectured recurrence should follow from an analysis of how new pieces occur in between the translated pieces.  Bradley Klee, Nov 26 2014


REFERENCES

Branko Grünbaum and G. C. Shephard, Tilings and Patterns. W. H. Freeman, New York, 1987, Fig. 2.1.5, p. 63.
Marjorie Senechal, Quasicrystals and geometry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995, Fig. 1.10, Section 1.3, pp. 1316.


LINKS

Stefano Spezia, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000 (first 512 terms from Maurizio Paolini)
Darrah Chavey, Illustration of a(0)a(12)
JeanGuillaume Eon, Symmetry and Topology: The 11 Uninodal Planar Nets Revisited, Symmetry, 10 (2018), 13 pages, doi:10.3390/sym10020035. See Section 9.
Brian Galebach, kuniform tilings (k <= 6) and their Anumbers [updated version May 09 2020]
Chaim GoodmanStrauss and N. J. A. Sloane, A Coloring Book Approach to Finding Coordination Sequences, Acta Cryst. A75 (2019), 121134, also on NJAS's home page. Also on arXiv, arXiv:1803.08530 [math.CO], 20182019.
Branko Grünbaum and Geoffrey C. Shephard, Tilings by regular polygons, Mathematics Magazine, 50 (1977), 227247.
Tom Karzes, Tiling Coordination Sequences
Bradley Klee, Illustration of a(0)a(7).
Bradley Klee, Mathematica notebook for A250120
Maurizio Paolini, C program for A250120
Reticular Chemistry Structure Resource, fsz
N. J. A. Sloane, Initial handdrawn illustration of a(0)a(5)
N. J. A. Sloane, The uniform planar nets and their Anumbers [Annotated scanned figure from Grünbaum and Shephard (1977)]
N. J. A. Sloane, Coordination Sequences, Planing Numbers, and Other Recent Sequences (II), Experimental Mathematics Seminar, Rutgers University, Jan 31 2019, Part 1, Part 2, Slides. (Mentions this sequence)
Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (1,0,0,0,1,1).


FORMULA

Based on the computations of Darrah Chavey, Bradley Klee, and Maurizio Paolini, there is a strong conjecture that the first differences of this sequence are 4, 4, 6, 4, 5, 5, 4, 6, 4, 5, 5, 4, 6, 4, 5, 5, ..., that is, 4 followed by (4,6,4,5,5) repeated.
This would imply that the sequence satisfies the recurrence:
for n > 2, a(n) = a(n1) + { n == 0,3 (mod 5), 4; n == 4 (mod 5), 6; n == 1,2 (mod 5), 5 }
(from Darrah Chavey)
and has generating function
(x^2+x+1)*(x^4+3*x^3+3*x+1)/((x^4+x^3+x^2+x+1)*(x1)^2)
(from N. J. A. Sloane).
All the above conjectures are true  for proof see link to my article with Chaim GoodmanStrauss.  N. J. A. Sloane, Jan 14 2018; link added Mar 26 2018
a(n) ~ 24*n/5.  Stefano Spezia, May 08 2022


MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[(x^2+x+1)(x^4+3x^3+3x+1)/((x^4+x^3+x^2+x+1)(x1)^2), {x, 0, 80}], x] (* or *) LinearRecurrence[{1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1}, {1, 5, 9, 15, 19, 24, 29}, 60] (* Harvey P. Dale, May 05 2018 *)


PROG

Comments on the C program (see link) from Maurizio Paolini, Nov 23 2014: Basically what I do is deform the net onto the integral lattice, connect nodes aligned either horizontally, vertically or diagonally from northeast to southwest, marking as UNREACHABLE the nodes with coordinates (i, j) satisfying i + 2*j = 0 mod 7. Then the code computes the distance from each node to the central node of the grid.


CROSSREFS

List of coordination sequences for uniform planar nets: A008458 (the planar net 3.3.3.3.3.3), A008486 (6^3), A008574 (4.4.4.4 and 3.4.6.4), A008576 (4.8.8), A008579 (3.6.3.6), A008706 (3.3.3.4.4), A072154 (4.6.12), A219529 (3.3.4.3.4), A250120 (3.3.3.3.6), A250122 (3.12.12).
For partial sums of the present sequence, see A250121.
Sequence in context: A315023 A315024 A315025 * A315026 A315027 A315028
Adjacent sequences: A250117 A250118 A250119 * A250121 A250122 A250123


KEYWORD

nonn,nice,easy,changed


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 23 2014


EXTENSIONS

a(6)a(10) from Bradley Klee, Nov 23 2014
a(11)a(49) from Maurizio Paolini, Nov 23 2014


STATUS

approved



