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 A242136 Number of strong triangulations of a fixed square with n interior vertices. 2
 0, 1, 6, 36, 228, 1518, 10530, 75516, 556512, 4194801, 32224114, 251565996, 1991331720, 15953808780, 129171585690, 1055640440268, 8698890336576, 72215877581844, 603532770013080, 5074488683389840 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,3 COMMENTS A strong triangulation is one in which no interior edge joins two vertices of the square (see W. G. Brown reference). If the restriction "strong" is dropped, the counting sequence is A197271 (shifted left). LINKS William G. Brown, Enumeration of Triangulations of the Disk, Proc. Lond. Math. Soc. s3-14, Issue 4, (1964) 746-768. William T. Tutte, A census of planar triangulations (Eq. 5.12), Canad. J. Math. 14 (1962), 21-38. FORMULA a(n) = 72 * (4*n+3)!/((3*n+6)!*(n-1)!) = 24 * binomial(4*n+3,n-1)/((3*n+5)*(n+2)) = binomial(4*n+3,n-1) - 5 * binomial(4*n+3,n-2) + 6 * binomial(4*n+3,n-3). EXAMPLE The 6 triangulations for n=2 are as follows. Four have a central vertex joined to all 4 vertices of the square creating 4 triangular regions, one of which contains the second interior vertex. In these 4 cases, the central vertex has degree 5, the other interior  vertex has degree 3. In the other 2 triangulations, both interior vertices have degree 4, an opposite pair a, c of vertices of the square both have degree 3 (so 1 interior edge), and the other 2 opposite vertices have degree 4. MAPLE A242136:=n->24*binomial(4*n+3, n-1)/((3*n+5)*(n+2)): seq(A242136(n), n=0..30); # Wesley Ivan Hurt, Aug 16 2014 MATHEMATICA Table[24 Binomial[4n+3, n-1]/((3n+5)(n+2)), {n, 0, 15}] CROSSREFS Column k=1 of A341856. Cf. A000260 for triangulations of a triangle. Sequence in context: A166748 A200378 A085687 * A129327 A244889 A344269 Adjacent sequences:  A242133 A242134 A242135 * A242137 A242138 A242139 KEYWORD nonn,changed AUTHOR David Callan, Aug 15 2014 STATUS approved

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Last modified May 16 10:30 EDT 2021. Contains 343941 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)