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A225907 Smallest n-Ramanujan prime that is less than half of the next n-Ramanujan prime, or 0 if none exists. 4
0, 2, 11, 41, 587, 14143 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

In A192824 Noe defines 0-Ramanujan primes to be simply primes, and 1-Ramanujan primes to be Ramanujan primes. Define the k-th 2-Ramanujan prime to be the smallest number R'_k (the notation in Paksoy 2012) with the property that the interval (x/2,x] contains at least k 1-Ramanujan primes, for any x >= R'_k. Continuing inductively, define n-Ramanujan primes in terms of (n-1)-Ramanujan primes.

Only the first three terms 0, 2, 11 are proved (by Chebyshev, Ramanujan, and Paksoy, respectively). The rest are conjectural--see the 2nd comment in A192821.

See A104272 for additional comments, references, links, and cross-refs.

Is it true that for every n there exists K = K(n) such that for all k > K, the k-th n-Ramanujan prime is greater than half of the (k+1)-th n-Ramanujan prime? (Equivalently, is there a largest n-Ramanujan prime that is less than half of the next n-Ramanujan prime?) It is true for n = 0 by Bertrand's Postulate (see A062234), and for n = 1 by a theorem of Paksoy. Is it even true that if n is fixed, then (k-th n-Ramanujan prime) ~ ((k+1)-th n-Ramanujan prime) as k -> infinity? - Jonathan Sondow, Dec 16 2013

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..5.

Baris Paksoy, Derived Ramanujan primes: R'_n, arXiv 2012.

EXAMPLE

By Bertrand's Postulate (proved by Chebyshev), prime(k+1) < 2*prime(k) for all k, so a(0) = 0.

Ramanujan proved that the Ramanujan primes begin 2, 11, ..., so a(1) = 2.

Paksoy proved that the 2-Ramanujan primes begin 11, 41,..., so a(2) = 11.

It appears that the 3-Ramanujan primes begin 41, 149, ...; if true, then a(3) = 41.

It appears that the 4-Ramanujan primes begin 569, 571, 587, 1367 ...; if true, then a(4) = 587.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040 (0-Ramanujan primes), A104272 (1-Ramanujan primes), A192820 (2-Ramanujan primes), A192821 (3-Ramanujan primes), A192822 (4-Ramanujan primes), A192823 (5-Ramanujan primes), A192824 (least n-Ramanujan prime). Cf. also A233822 = 2*R(n) - R(n+1) and A062234.

Sequence in context: A260267 A128241 A258937 * A107020 A160945 A079808

Adjacent sequences:  A225904 A225905 A225906 * A225908 A225909 A225910

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Jonathan Sondow, Jun 08 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 8 02:27 EDT 2020. Contains 333312 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)