%I
%S 5,0,3,37,7,17,11,101,61,19,41,197,109,229,31
%N Least prime p such that prime(n) is the next prime number in the Collatz (3x+1) iteration of p, or 0 if there is no such prime.
%C The next term, surprisingly, is the 2743digit (53 * 2^9107  1)/3. See A177331 for additional prime numbers, besides 3, that are not in the Collatz iteration of any prime number.
%e a(4) = 37 because the Collatz iteration of 37 is {37, 112, 56, 28, 14, 7, 22, 11, 34, 17, 52, 26, 13, 40, 20, 10, 5, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1}, which shows that 7 is the next prime after 37.
%t Table[p = Prime[n]; If[p == 3, q = 0, k = 1; While[q = (p*2^k  1)/3; k < 10000 && ! PrimeQ[q], k++]]; q, {n, 15}]
%Y Cf. A070165, A177330, A177331.
%K nonn
%O 1,1
%A _T. D. Noe_, May 22 2013
