login
The OEIS Foundation is supported by donations from users of the OEIS and by a grant from the Simons Foundation.

 

Logo

Year-end appeal: Please make a donation to the OEIS Foundation to support ongoing development and maintenance of the OEIS. We are now in our 56th year, we are closing in on 350,000 sequences, and we’ve crossed 9,700 citations (which often say “discovered thanks to the OEIS”).

Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A198337 Radius of rooted tree having Matula-Goebel number n. 0

%I

%S 0,1,1,1,2,2,1,1,2,2,2,2,2,2,3,1,2,2,1,2,2,3,2,2,3,2,2,2,2,3,3,1,3,2,

%T 3,2,2,2,3,2,2,2,2,3,3,2,3,2,2,3,3,2,1,2,4,2,2,3,2,3,2,3,2,1,3,3,2,2,

%U 3,3,2,2,2,2,3,2,3,3,3,2,2,3,2,2,3,2

%N Radius of rooted tree having Matula-Goebel number n.

%C The radius of a tree is defined as the minimum eccentricity of the vertices.

%C The radius of a tree is equal to the number of prunings required to reduce the tree to the 1-vertex tree. See the Balaban reference, p. 360.

%C The Matula-Goebel number of a rooted tree can be defined in the following recursive manner: to the one-vertex tree there corresponds the number 1; to a tree T with root degree 1 there corresponds the t-th prime number, where t is the Matula-Goebel number of the tree obtained from T by deleting the edge emanating from the root; to a tree T with root degree m>=2 there corresponds the product of the Matula-Goebel numbers of the m branches of T.

%D A. T. Balaban, Chemical graphs, Theoret. Chim. Acta (Berl.) 53, 355-375, 1979.

%D F. Goebel, On a 1-1-correspondence between rooted trees and natural numbers, J. Combin. Theory, B 29 (1980), 141-143.

%D I. Gutman and A. Ivic, On Matula numbers, Discrete Math., 150, 1996, 131-142.

%D I. Gutman and Yeong-Nan Yeh, Deducing properties of trees from their Matula numbers, Publ. Inst. Math., 53 (67), 1993, 17-22.

%D D. W. Matula, A natural rooted tree enumeration by prime factorization, SIAM Review, 10, 1968, 273.

%H <a href="/index/Mat#matula">Index entries for sequences related to Matula-Goebel numbers</a>

%F A198336(n) gives the sequence of the Matula-Goebel numbers of the rooted trees obtained from the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number n by pruning it successively 0,1,2,... times. Then the radius of the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number n is equal to the number of terms in this sequence diminished by 1.

%e a(7)=1 because the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number 7 is Y and its vertices have eccentricities 2,2,2,1. a(11)=2 because the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number 11 is the path tree on 5 vertices and the eccentricities are 4,4,3,3,2.

%p with(numtheory): aa := proc (n) local r, s, b: r := proc (n) options operator, arrow: op(1, factorset(n)) end proc: s := proc (n) options operator, arrow: n/r(n) end proc: b := proc (n) if n = 1 then 1 elif n = 2 then 1 elif bigomega(n) = 1 then ithprime(b(pi(n))) else b(r(n))*b(s(n)) end if end proc: if n = 1 then 1 elif bigomega(n) = 1 then b(pi(n)) else b(r(n))*b(s(n)) end if end proc: S := proc (m) local A, i: A[m, 1] := m; for i while aa(A[m, i]) < A[m, i] do A[m, i+1] := aa(A[m, i]) end do: seq(A[m, j], j = 1 .. i) end proc; a := proc (n) options operator, arrow: nops([S(n)])-1 end proc: seq(a(n), n = 1 .. 110);

%Y Cf. A198336.

%K nonn

%O 1,5

%A _Emeric Deutsch_, Dec 01 2011

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified December 8 23:37 EST 2021. Contains 349596 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)