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 A136118 Least index m>0 such that A136117(n)-A000326(m) is again a pentagonal number. 11
 5, 4, 7, 12, 19, 17, 25, 20, 10, 28, 45, 42, 39, 17, 37, 21, 36, 35, 13, 33, 65, 28, 67, 32, 52, 40, 74, 31, 70, 85, 35, 16, 60, 70, 77, 68, 42, 30, 105, 76, 59, 26, 74, 49, 115, 19, 125, 115, 102, 110, 92, 56, 103, 29, 145, 100, 114, 77, 92, 47, 63, 108, 152, 95, 22, 116 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 LINKS EXAMPLE a(1)=5 is the least integer m>0 such that A136117(1)-P(m) is a pentagonal number, namely P(7)-P(5)=70-35=35=P(5). a(2)=4 is the least integer m>0 such that A136117(2)-P(m) is a pentagonal number, namely P(8)-P(4)=92-22=70=P(7). PROG (PARI) A136118vect(n, i=-1)=vector(n, k, until(0, for(j=2, #n=sum2sqr((i+=6)^2+1), n[j]%6==[5, 5]||next; n=n[j]; break(2))); n[1]\6+1) /* This uses sum2sqr(), cf. A133388. Below some simpler but much slower code. */ my(P=A000326(n)=n*(3*n-1)/2, isPent(t)=P(sqrtint(t*2\3)+1)==t); for(i=1, 299, for(j=1, (i+1)\sqrt(2), isPent(P(i)-P(j))&print1(j", ")||next(2))) CROSSREFS Cf. A000326, A136112-A136117. Sequence in context: A245073 A021650 A141269 * A105665 A019129 A019208 Adjacent sequences:  A136115 A136116 A136117 * A136119 A136120 A136121 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR M. F. Hasler, Dec 25 2007 STATUS approved

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Last modified August 12 23:52 EDT 2022. Contains 356077 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)