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A110081 Integers n such that the digit set D = (0, 1, -n) used in base 3 expansions of the form Sum_{ -N < j < infty} d_j 3^{-j}, all d_j in D, can represent all real numbers. 1
1, 7, 25, 31, 37, 73, 79, 85, 97, 103, 193, 241, 253, 271, 313, 319, 337, 343, 361, 517, 553, 661, 703, 721, 727, 733, 745, 751, 781, 799, 805, 865, 925, 943, 967, 1015, 1039, 1081, 1087, 1633, 1687, 1705, 1837, 1981, 2125, 2137, 2143, 2185, 2191, 2233, 2257, 2263, 2341, 2581, 2593, 2605, 2641, 2719, 2761, 2797, 2815, 2833, 2857, 2887, 2893, 2911, 3127 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

All nonnegative reals can be represented with ternary digits 0, 1, 2. If you're not allowed to use 2, then you only get something like the Cantor set. But you're back in business if you're allowed to use 0, 1, -1 - this gives the "balanced" ternary representation (so 1 is in the sequence).

The sequence is known to be infinite and irregular and is conjectured to have density zero.

REFERENCES

J. C. Lagarias, Crystals, Tilings and Packings, Hedrick Lectures, Math. Assoc. America MathFest, 2005.

LINKS

Joerg Arndt, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

David W. Matula, Basic digit sets for radix representation, J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 29 (1982), 1131-1143.

Don Reble, Python Program

EXAMPLE

13/18 = 0.122111111111... in ternary which can't be represented without the 2's. But it is 10.x0111111111... if x = -7: 3 + 0 + (-7)/3 + 1/3^3 + 1/3^4 + 1/3^5 + ... = 3 - 7/3 + (1/27)/(1-(1/3)) = 13/18.

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A075926 A065660 A100496 * A140716 A141393 A226366

Adjacent sequences:  A110078 A110079 A110080 * A110082 A110083 A110084

KEYWORD

nonn,base,nice

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, based on correspondence from R. K. Guy and Jeff Lagarias, Aug 31 2005

EXTENSIONS

More terms using Don Reble's program from Joerg Arndt, Sep 17 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 9 13:57 EDT 2020. Contains 336323 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)