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A101400 a(n) = a(n-1) + 2*a(n-2) + a(n-3) - a(n-4). 5
1, 2, 5, 10, 21, 44, 91, 190, 395, 822, 1711, 3560, 7409, 15418, 32085, 66770, 138949, 289156, 601739, 1252230, 2605915, 5422958, 11285279, 23484880, 48872481, 101704562, 211649125, 440445850, 916576181, 1907412444, 3969361531 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Lengths of successive words (starting with a) under the substitution: {a -> ab, b -> aac, c -> d, d -> b}.

LINKS

Harvey P. Dale, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (1,2,1,-1).

FORMULA

G.f.: (1+x+x^2)/(1-x-2*x^2-x^3+x^4). - G. C. Greubel, Apr 03 2018

EXAMPLE

a(0) = 1, a(1) = 2, a(2) = 5, a(3) = 10, a(4) = 21, a(5) = 44

MATHEMATICA

a[0] = 1; a[1] = 2; a[2] = 5; a[3] = 10; a[n_] := a[n] = a[n - 1] + 2a[n - 2] + a[n - 3] - a[n - 4]; Table[ a[n], {n, 0, 30}] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Jan 15 2005 *)

LinearRecurrence[{1, 2, 1, -1}, {1, 2, 5, 10}, 40] (* Harvey P. Dale, Oct 24 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) x='x+O('x^30); Vec((1+x+x^2)/(1-x-2*x^2-x^3+x^4)) \\ G. C. Greubel, Apr 03 2018

(MAGMA) I:=[1, 2, 5, 10]; [n le 4 select I[n] else Self(n-1) + 2*Self(n-2) + Self(n-3) - Self(n-4): n in [1..30]]; /* or */ m:=25; R<x>:=PowerSeriesRing(Integers(), m); Coefficients(R!((1+x+x^2)/(1-x-2*x^2-x^3+x^4))); // G. C. Greubel, Apr 03 2018

(GAP) a:=[1, 2, 5, 10];; for n in [5..35] do a[n]:=a[n-1]+2*a[n-2]+a[n-3]-a[n-4]; od; a; # Muniru A Asiru, Apr 03 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A092886, A105309.

Sequence in context: A101510 A066819 A114279 * A131403 A264544 A052540

Adjacent sequences:  A101397 A101398 A101399 * A101401 A101402 A101403

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Jeroen F.J. Laros, Jan 15 2005

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Robert G. Wilson v, Jan 15 2005

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 16 19:58 EDT 2018. Contains 313809 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)