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A084159 Pell oblongs. 14

%I

%S 1,3,21,119,697,4059,23661,137903,803761,4684659,27304197,159140519,

%T 927538921,5406093003,31509019101,183648021599,1070379110497,

%U 6238626641379,36361380737781,211929657785303,1235216565974041

%N Pell oblongs.

%C Essentially the same as A046727.

%H Vincenzo Librandi, <a href="/A084159/b084159.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000</a>

%H <a href="/index/Rec#order_03">Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients</a>, signature (5,5,-1)

%F a(n) = ((sqrt(2)+1)^(2*n+1) - (sqrt(2)-1)^(2*n+1) + 2*(-1)^n)/4.

%F a(n) = 5*a(n-1) + 5*a(n-2) - a(n-3). - _Paul Curtz_, May 17 2008

%F G.f.: (1-x)^2/((1+x)*(1-6*x+x^2)). - _R. J. Mathar_, Sep 17 2008

%F a(n) = A078057(n)*A001333(n). - _R. J. Mathar_, Jul 08 2009

%F a(n) = A001333(n)*A001333(n+1).

%F From _Peter Bala_, May 01 2012: (Start)

%F a(n) = (-1)^n*R(n,-4), where R(n,x) is the n-th row polynomial of A211955.

%F a(n) = (-1)^n*1/u*T(n,u)*T(n+1,u) with u = sqrt(-1) and T(n,x) the Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind.

%F a(n) = (-1)^n + 4*Sum_{k = 1..n} (-1)^(n-k)*8^(k-1)*binomial(n+k,2*k).

%F Recurrence equations: a(n) = 6*a(n-1) - a(n-2) + 4*(-1)^n, with a(0) = 1 and a(1) = 3; a(n)*a(n-2) = a(n-1)*(a(n-1)+4*(-1)^n).

%F Sum_{k >= 0} (-1)^k/a(k) = 1/sqrt(2).

%F 1 - 2*(Sum_{k = 0..n} (-1)^k/a(k))^2 = (-1)^(n+1)/A090390(n+1).

%F (End)

%t Join[{1}, Table[Numerator[FromContinuedFraction[ContinuedFraction[Sqrt[2],n]]],{n,2,50}] * Table[Numerator[FromContinuedFraction[ContinuedFraction[Sqrt[2],n]]],{n,1,49}]] (* _Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky_, Jan 15 2011 *)

%t LinearRecurrence[{5,5,-1},{1,3,21},30] (* _Harvey P. Dale_, Aug 04 2019 *)

%o (MAGMA) [Floor(((Sqrt(2)+1)^(2*n+1)-(Sqrt(2)-1)^(2*n+1)+2*(-1)^n)/4): n in [0..30]]; // _Vincenzo Librandi_, Aug 13 2011

%Y Cf. A046727 (same sequence except for first term).

%Y Cf. A084158, A084175, A001654.

%Y Cf. A090390, A182432, A211955.

%K easy,nonn

%O 0,2

%A _Paul Barry_, May 18 2003

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Last modified September 28 13:24 EDT 2020. Contains 337393 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)