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A038567 Denominators in canonical bijection from positive integers to positive rationals <= 1. 39
1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 10, 10, 10, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,2
COMMENTS
n occurs phi(n) times (cf. A000010).
Least k such that phi(1) + phi(2) + phi(3) + ... + phi(k) >= n. - Benoit Cloitre, Sep 17 2002
Sum of numerator and denominator of fractions arranged by Cantor's ordering (1/1, 2/1, 1/2, 1/3, 3/1, 4/1, 3/2, 2/3, 1/4, 1/5, 5/1, 6/1, ...) with equivalent fractions removed. - Ron R. King, Mar 07 2009 [This applies to a(1, 2, ...) without initial term a(0) = 1 which could correspond to 0/1. - Editor's Note.]
Care has to be taken in considering the offset which may be 0 or 1 in related sequences (see crossrefs), e.g., A038568 & A038569 also have offset 0, in A038566 offset has been changed to 1. - M. F. Hasler, Oct 18 2021
REFERENCES
S. Cook, Problem 511: An Enumeration Problem, Journal of Recreational Mathematics, Vol. 9:2 (1976-77), 137. Solution by the Problem Editor, JRM, Vol. 10:2 (1977-78), 122-123.
H. Lauwerier, Fractals, Princeton Univ. Press, p. 23.
LINKS
Paul Yiu, Recreational Mathematics, 24.3.1 Appendix: Two enumerations of the rational numbers in (0,1), page 633.
FORMULA
From Henry Bottomley, Dec 18 2000: (Start)
a(n) = A020652(n) + A020653(n) for all n > 0, e.g., a(1) = 2 = 1 + 1 = A020652(1) + A020653(1). [Corrected and edited by M. F. Hasler, Dec 10 2021]
n = a(A015614(n)) = a(A002088(n)) - 1 = a(A002088(n-1)). (End)
a(n) = A002024(A169581(n)). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 02 2009
a(A002088(n)) = n for n > 1. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Jul 29 2012
a(n) = A071912(2*n+1). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 16 2013
EXAMPLE
Arrange fractions by increasing denominator then by increasing numerator: 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, 2/3, 1/4, 3/4, 1/5, 2/5, 3/5, ...: this is A038566/A038567.
MAPLE
with (numtheory): A038567 := proc (n) local sum, k; sum := 1: k := 2: while (sum < n) do: sum := sum + phi(k): k := k + 1: od: RETURN (k-1): end: # Ulrich Schimke (ulrschimke(AT)aol.com)
MATHEMATICA
a[n_] := (k = 0; While[ Total[ EulerPhi[ Range[k]]] <= n, k++]; k); Table[ a[n], {n, 0, 77}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Dec 08 2011, after Pari *)
Flatten[Table[Table[n, {EulerPhi[n]}], {n, 20}]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Mar 12 2013 *)
PROG
(PARI) a(n)=if(n<0, 0, s=1; while(sum(i=1, s, eulerphi(i))<n, s++); s)
(Haskell)
import Data.List (genericTake)
a038567 n = a038567_list !! n
a038567_list = concatMap (\x -> genericTake (a000010 x) $ repeat x) [1..]
-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 16 2013, Jul 29 2012
(Python)
from sympy import totient
def a(n):
s=1
while sum(totient(i) for i in range(1, s + 1))<n: s+=1
return s # Indranil Ghosh, May 23 2017
CROSSREFS
A054427 gives mapping to Stern-Brocot tree.
Cf. A037162.
Sequence in context: A126236 A198194 A073047 * A185195 A192512 A036234
KEYWORD
nonn,frac,core,easy,nice
AUTHOR
EXTENSIONS
More terms from Erich Friedman
STATUS
approved

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Last modified February 27 09:53 EST 2024. Contains 370377 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)