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A336114 The hafnian of a symmetric Toeplitz matrix of order 2*n, n>=2 with the first row (0,1,2,...,2,1); a(0)=a(1)=1. 4
1, 1, 6, 64, 930, 17088, 380870, 9992064, 301738626, 10310669440, 393355695942, 16573741095360, 764401360062626, 38304552622588224, 2072335759298438790, 120390122318741003008, 7474705606285243345410 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Number of perfect matchings of a chord diagram with 2*n vertices, where neighboring vertices are joined  by one chord, and any other pair of vertices is joined by two chords.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..16.

Dmitry Efimov, The hafnian of Toeplitz matrices of a special type, perfect matchings and Bessel polynomials, arXiv:1904.08651 [math.CO], 2020.

FORMULA

a(n) = 2*n*Sum_{k=0..n} (-1)^(n-k)*(n+k-1)!/(k!*(n-k)!), n>=2.

a(n+1) = (4*n+3)*a(n)-(4*n-7)*a(n-1)-a(n-2), n>=4.

a(n+1) = (8*n^2*a(n)+(2*n+1)*a(n-1))/(2*n-1), n>=3.

a(n) = |A002119(n)|-|A002119(n-1)|, n>=2.

a(n) ~ (2*n)!/(sqrt(e)*n!).

a(n) = U(n,1+2*n,-1) for n >= 2, where U(a,b,c) is the confluent hypergeometric function of the second kind. - Stefano Spezia, Jul 22 2020

EXAMPLE

A symmetric 4x4 Toeplitz matrix A with the first row (0,1,2,1) has the form:

0 1 2 1

1 0 1 2

2 1 0 1

1 2 1 0.

Its hafnian equals Hf(A)=a12*a34+a13*a24+a14*a23=1*1+2*2+1*1=6.

MATHEMATICA

Join[{1, 1}, Table[2 HypergeometricU[n, 1+2 n, -1], {n, 2, 16}]] (* Stefano Spezia, Jul 22 2020 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A002119, A336286, A336400.

Sequence in context: A296165 A173500 A141008 * A258425 A249592 A087488

Adjacent sequences:  A336111 A336112 A336113 * A336115 A336116 A336117

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Dmitry Efimov, Jul 21 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 11 09:47 EDT 2020. Contains 336423 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)