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A332438 Decimal expansion of (2*cos(Pi/9))^2 = A332437^2. 3
3, 5, 3, 2, 0, 8, 8, 8, 8, 6, 2, 3, 7, 9, 5, 6, 0, 7, 0, 4, 0, 4, 7, 8, 5, 3, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 8, 3, 3, 3, 4, 7, 8, 7, 1, 6, 6, 4, 9, 1, 4, 1, 6, 0, 7, 9, 0, 4, 9, 1, 7, 0, 8, 0, 9, 0, 5, 6, 9, 2, 8, 4, 3, 1, 0, 7, 7, 7, 7, 1, 3, 7, 4, 9, 4, 4, 7, 0, 5, 6, 4, 5, 8, 5, 5, 3, 3, 6, 1, 0, 9, 6, 9 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

This algebraic number rho(9)^2 of degree 3 is a root of its minimal polynomial x^3 - 6*x^2 + 9*x - 1.

The other two roots are x2 = (2*cos(5*Pi/9))^2 = (2*cos(4*Pi/9))^2 = (R(4,rho(9))^2 = 2 - rho(9) = 0.120614758..., and x3 = (2*cos(7*Pi/9))^2 = (2*cos(7*Pi/9))^2 = (R(7,rho(9))^2 = 4 + rho(9) - rho(9)^2 = 2.347296355..., with rho(9) = 2*cos(Pi/9) = A332437, the monic Chebyshev polynomials R (see A127672), and the computation is done modulo the minimal polynomial of rho(9) which is x^3 - 3*x - 1 (see A187360).

This gives the representation of these roots in the power basis of the simple field extension Q(rho(9)). See the linked W. Lang paper in A187360, sect. 4.

This number rho(9)^2 appears as limit of the quotient of consecutive numbers af various sequences, e.g., A094256 and A094829.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..98.

FORMULA

Equals (2*cos(Pi/9))^2 = rho(9)^2 = A332437^2.

Equals 2 + i^(4/9) - i^(14/9). - Peter Luschny, Apr 04 2020

EXAMPLE

3.5320888862379560704047853011108333478716649...

MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[(2*Cos[Pi/9])^2, 10, 100][[1]] (* Amiram Eldar, Mar 31 2020 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A094256, A094829, A127672, A187360, A332437.

Sequence in context: A254934 A021743 A057023 * A245509 A085849 A100481

Adjacent sequences:  A332435 A332436 A332437 * A332439 A332440 A332441

KEYWORD

nonn,cons

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang, Mar 31 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 13 04:54 EDT 2020. Contains 336442 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)