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A331423 Divide each side of a triangle into n>=1 equal parts and trace the corresponding cevians, i.e., join every point, except for the first and last ones, with the opposite vertex. a(n) is the number of points at which three cevians meet. 5
0, 1, 0, 7, 0, 13, 0, 19, 0, 25, 0, 31, 0, 37, 6, 43, 0, 49, 0, 61, 0, 61, 0, 91, 0, 73, 0, 79, 0, 91, 0, 91, 0, 97, 12, 103, 0, 109, 0, 133, 0, 133, 0, 127, 42, 133, 0, 187, 0, 145, 0, 151, 0, 157, 12, 175, 0, 169, 0, 235, 0, 181, 48, 187, 6, 205, 0, 199, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,4

COMMENTS

Denote the cevians by a0, a1,...,an, b0, b1,...,bn, c0, c1,...,cn. For any given n, the indices (i,j,k) of (ai, bj, ck) meeting at a point are the integer solutions of:

n^3 - (i + j + k)*n^2 + (j*k + k*i + i*j)*n - 2*i*j*k = 0,  with 0 < i, j, k < n

or, equivalently and shorter,

(n-i)*(n-j)*(n-k) - i*j*k = 0, with 0 < i, j, k < n.

Comments from N. J. A. Sloane, Feb 14 2020 (Start):

Stated another way, a(n) = number of triples (i,j,k) in [1,n-1] X [1,n-1] X [1,n-1] such that (i/(n-i))*(j/(n-j))*(k/(n-k)) = 1.

This is the quantity N3 mentioned in A091908.

Indices of zeros are precisely all odd numbers except those listed in A332378.

(End)

LINKS

Robert Israel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..200

Peter Kagey, An illustration of A331423(4) = 7.

Hugo Pfoertner, Visualization of diagonal intersections in an equilateral triangle.

MAPLE

Ceva:= proc(n) local a, i, j, k; a:=0;

for i from 1 to n-1 do

for j from 1 to n-1 do

for k from 1 to n-1 do

if i*j*k/((n-i)*(n-j)*(n-k)) = 1 then a:=a+1; fi;

od: od: od: a; end;

t1:=[seq(Ceva(n), n=1..80)];  # N. J. A. Sloane, Feb 14 2020

MATHEMATICA

CevIntersections[n_] := Length[Solve[(n - i)*(n - j)*(n - k) - i*j*k == 0 && 0 < i < n &&  0 < j < n && 0 < k < n, {i, j, k}, Integers]];

Map[CevIntersections[#] &, Range[50]]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A091908, A332378. Bisections are A331425, A331428.

Sequence in context: A262807 A169603 A022920 * A240825 A243773 A097604

Adjacent sequences:  A331420 A331421 A331422 * A331424 A331425 A331426

KEYWORD

nonn,look

AUTHOR

César Eliud Lozada, Jan 16 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 25 11:27 EDT 2020. Contains 334592 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)