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 A327539 Starting from n: as long as the decimal representation starts with a positive even number, divide the largest such prefix by 2; a(n) corresponds to the final value. 6
 0, 1, 1, 3, 1, 5, 3, 7, 1, 9, 5, 11, 3, 13, 7, 15, 1, 17, 9, 19, 5, 11, 11, 13, 3, 15, 13, 17, 7, 19, 15, 31, 1, 33, 17, 35, 9, 37, 19, 39, 5, 11, 11, 13, 11, 15, 13, 17, 3, 19, 15, 51, 13, 53, 17, 55, 7, 57, 19, 59, 15, 31, 31, 33, 1, 35, 33, 37, 17, 39, 35, 71 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,4 COMMENTS For n > 0, as long as we have a number whose decimal representation is the concatenation of a positive even number, say u, and a possibly empty string of odd digits, say v, we replace this number with the concatenation of u/2 and v; eventually only odd digits remain. LINKS Rémy Sigrist, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000 Rémy Sigrist, Logarithmic scatterplot of the first 1000000 terms FORMULA a(n) <= n with equality iff n = 0 or n belongs to A014261. a(2*n) = a(n). a(10*k + v) = 10*a(k) + v for any k >= 0 and v in {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}. a(n) = 1 iff n is a power of 2. a(n) = 3 iff n belongs to A007283. a(n) = 5 iff n belongs to A020714. a(n) = 7 iff n belongs to A005009. a(n) = 9 iff n belongs to A005010. a(n) = a(n+1) iff n belongs to A215145. EXAMPLE For n = 10000: - 10000 gives 10000/2 = 5000, - 5000 gives 5000/2 = 2500, - 2500 gives 2500/2 = 1250, - 1250 gives 125/2 = 625, - 625 gives 62/2 followed by 5 = 315, - 315 has only odd digits, so a(10000) = 315. MATHEMATICA Array[FixedPoint[If[AllTrue[#, OddQ], FromDigits@ #, FromDigits@ Flatten@ Join[IntegerDigitsFromDigits[First[#]]/2, Last[#]] &@ TakeDrop[#, Position[#, _?EvenQ][[-1, -1]] ] ] &@ IntegerDigits[#] &, #] &, 71] (* Michael De Vlieger, Dec 01 2019 *) PROG (PARI) a(n) = if (n==0, 0, n%2==0, a(n/2), 10*a(n\10)+(n%10)) CROSSREFS See A329249, A329424 and A329428 for similar sequences. Cf. A007283, A014261, A020714, A005009, A005010, A215145. Sequence in context: A336650 A327656 A098985 * A072963 A161955 A276234 Adjacent sequences:  A327536 A327537 A327538 * A327540 A327541 A327542 KEYWORD nonn,base,easy AUTHOR Rémy Sigrist, Nov 29 2019 STATUS approved

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Last modified August 10 12:19 EDT 2020. Contains 336379 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)