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A321672 Number of chiral pairs of rows of length 5 using up to n colors. 1
0, 0, 12, 108, 480, 1500, 3780, 8232, 16128, 29160, 49500, 79860, 123552, 184548, 267540, 378000, 522240, 707472, 941868, 1234620, 1596000, 2037420, 2571492, 3212088, 3974400, 4875000, 5931900, 7164612, 8594208, 10243380, 12136500 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..30.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (6, -15, 20, -15, 6, -1).

FORMULA

a(n) = (n^5 - n^3) / 2.

a(n) = (A000584(n) - A000578(n)) / 2.

a(n) = A000584(n) - A168178(n) = A168178(n) - A000578(n).

G.f.: (Sum_{j=1..5} S2(5,j)*j!*x^j/(1-x)^(j+1) - Sum_{j=1..3} S2(3,j)*j!*x^j/(1-x)^(j+1)) / 2, where S2 is the Stirling subset number A008277.

G.f.: x * Sum_{k=1..4} A145883(5,k) * x^k / (1-x)^6.

E.g.f.: (Sum_{k=1..5} S2(5,k)*x^k - Sum_{k=1..3} S2(3,k)*x^k) * exp(x) / 2, where S2 is the Stirling subset number A008277.

For n>5, a(n) = Sum_{j=1..6} -binomial(j-7,j) * a(n-j).

EXAMPLE

For a(0)=0 and  a(1)=0, there are no chiral rows using fewer than two colors. For a(2)=12, the chiral pairs are AAAAB-BAAAA, AAABA-ABAAA, AAABB-BBAAA, AABAB-BABAA, AABBA-ABBAA, AABBB-BBBAAA, ABAAB-BAABA, ABABB-BBABA, ABBAB-BABBA, ABBBB-BBBBA, BAABB-BBAAB, and BABBB-BBBAB.

MATHEMATICA

Table[(n^5-n^3)/2, {n, 0, 40}]

LinearRecurrence[{6, -15, 20, -15, 6, -1}, {0, 0, 12, 108, 480, 1500}, 40]

CROSSREFS

Row 5 of A293500.

Cf. A000584 (oriented), A168178 (unoriented), A000578 (achiral).

Sequence in context: A230712 A271559 A154671 * A241230 A037972 A111990

Adjacent sequences:  A321669 A321670 A321671 * A321673 A321674 A321675

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Robert A. Russell, Nov 16 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 22 14:39 EDT 2019. Contains 325222 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)