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A320260 Number of ordered pairs (j,k) with 0 < j < k < prime(n)/2 such that (j*(j+1) mod prime(n)) > (k*(k+1) mod prime(n)). 1
0, 0, 1, 1, 3, 8, 13, 10, 19, 41, 44, 70, 83, 75, 100, 143, 167, 210, 188, 225, 290, 306, 322, 401, 503, 554, 481, 541, 634, 686, 848, 858, 1048, 981, 1203, 1099, 1468, 1332, 1421, 1700, 1646, 1831, 2054, 2077, 2135, 2017, 2356, 2698, 2712, 2851, 3022, 3112, 3386, 3447, 3838, 3551, 4062, 3956, 4466, 4569 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,5

COMMENTS

Conjecture: Let p be a prime with p == 3 (mod 4), and let T(p) denote the number of ordered pairs (j,k) with 0 < j < k < p/2 and (j*(j+1) mod p) > (k*(k+1) mod p). Then T(p) == floor((p+1)/8) (mod 2).

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..2000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Quadratic residues and related permutations and identities, arXiv:1809.07766 [math.NT], 2018.

EXAMPLE

a(4) = 1 since prime(4) = 7 and (1*2 mod 7, 2*3 mod 7, 3*4 mod 7) = (1,6,5) with 6 > 5.

MATHEMATICA

T[p_]:=T[p]=Sum[Boole[Mod[j(j+1), p]>Mod[k(k+1), p]], {k, 2, (p-1)/2}, {j, 1, k-1}]; Table[T[Prime[n]], {n, 1, 60}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A000217, A002378, A319311, A319480.

Sequence in context: A180507 A218889 A131213 * A105371 A038188 A310285

Adjacent sequences:  A320257 A320258 A320259 * A320261 A320262 A320263

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Oct 08 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 25 19:11 EDT 2019. Contains 323576 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)