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A320045 Smallest k such that (Z/kZ)* is isomorphic to (Z/nZ)*. 2
1, 1, 3, 3, 5, 3, 7, 8, 7, 5, 11, 8, 13, 7, 15, 15, 17, 7, 19, 15, 21, 11, 23, 24, 25, 13, 19, 21, 29, 15, 31, 32, 33, 17, 35, 21, 37, 19, 35, 40, 41, 21, 43, 33, 35, 23, 47, 40, 43, 25, 51, 35, 53, 19, 55, 56, 57, 29, 59, 40, 61, 31, 63, 51, 65, 33, 67, 51, 69, 35 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

a(n) = n iff n is a term in A296233.

Most terms are odd. Among the first 10000 terms there are 8837 odd ones. The even terms are divisible by 4 because (Z/kZ)* is isomorphic to (Z/(2k)Z)* for odd k.

A015126(n) <= a(n) <= n.

LINKS

Jianing Song, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Wikipedia, Multiplicative group of integers modulo n

EXAMPLE

The solutions to (Z/kZ)* = C_6 are k = 7, 9, 14 and 18, so a(7) = a(9) = a(14) = a(18) = 7.

The solutions to (Z/kZ)* = C_2 X C_20 are k = 55, 75, 100, 110 and 150, so a(55) = a(75) = a(100) = a(110) = a(150) = 55.

The solutions to (Z/kZ)* = C_2 X C_12 are k = 35, 39, 45, 52, 70, 78 and 90, so a(35) = a(39) = a(45) = a(52) = a(70) = a(78) = a(90) = 35.

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = my(i=eulerphi(n)); while(znstar(i)[2]!=znstar(n)[2], i++); i

CROSSREFS

Cf. A015126, A296233, A320046.

Sequence in context: A299149 A096866 A015909 * A029620 A204100 A048691

Adjacent sequences:  A320042 A320043 A320044 * A320046 A320047 A320048

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Jianing Song, Oct 04 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 23 02:40 EST 2019. Contains 319365 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)