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A319444 Total number of factors in a factorization of n into Eisenstein primes. 7
0, 1, 2, 2, 1, 3, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1, 4, 2, 3, 3, 4, 1, 5, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1, 5, 2, 3, 6, 4, 1, 4, 2, 5, 3, 2, 3, 6, 2, 3, 4, 4, 1, 5, 2, 3, 5, 2, 1, 6, 4, 3, 3, 4, 1, 7, 2, 5, 4, 2, 1, 5, 2, 3, 6, 6, 3, 4, 2, 3, 3, 4, 1, 7, 2, 3, 4, 4, 3, 5, 2, 5, 8, 2, 1, 6, 2, 3, 3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

Equivalent of Omega (A001222) in the ring of Eisenstein integers.

z is an Eisenstein prime iff z has prime norm or z is the product of a rational prime congruent to 2 modulo 3 and an Eisenstein unit (one of +-1 or (+-1 +- sqrt(3)*i)/2).

The smallest k with a(k) = n is A038754(n).

LINKS

Jianing Song, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Wikipedia, Eisenstein integer

FORMULA

Completely additive with a(p) = 2 if p = 3 or p == 1 (mod 3) and a(p) = 1 if p == 2 (mod 3).

EXAMPLE

Let w = (1 + sqrt(3)*i)/2, w' = (1 - sqrt(3)*i)/2.

a(54) = a(2*3^3) = 1*a(2) + 3*a(3) = 1*1 + 3*2 = 7. Over the Gaussian integers, 54 is factored as -2*(1 + w)^6.

a(63) = a(3^2*7) = 2*a(3) + 1*a(7) = 2*2 + 1*2 = 6. Over the Gaussian integers, 63 is factored as w'^2*(1 + w)^4*(2 + w)*(2 + w)'.

a(1006655265000) = a(2^3*3^2*5^4*7^5*11^3) = 3*a(2) + 2*a(3) + 4*a(5) + 5*a(7) + 3*a(11) = 3*1 + 2*2 + 4*1 + 5*2 + 3*1 = 24. Over the Gaussian integers, 1006655265000 is factored as w'^2*(1 + w)^4*2^3*(2 + w)*(2 + w')*5^4*11^3.

PROG

(PARI) a(n)=my(f=factor(n)); sum(i=1, #f~, if(f[i, 1]%3==2, 1, 2)*f[i, 2])

CROSSREFS

Cf. A038754.

Equivalent of arithmetic functions in the ring of Eisenstein integers (the corresponding functions in the ring of integers are in the parentheses): A319442 ("d", A000005), A319449 ("sigma", A000203), A319445 ("phi", A000010), A319446 ("psi", A002322), A319443 ("omega", A001221), this sequence ("Omega", A001222), A319448 ("mu", A008683).

Equivalent in the ring of Gaussian integers: A078458.

Sequence in context: A329949 A030717 A280716 * A071285 A289438 A008678

Adjacent sequences:  A319441 A319442 A319443 * A319445 A319446 A319447

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Jianing Song, Sep 19 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 23 13:52 EST 2020. Contains 331171 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)