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A317060 a(n) is the number of time-dependent assembly trees satisfying the edge gluing rule for a cycle on n vertices. 2
1, 1, 3, 14, 85, 642, 5782, 60484, 720495, 9627210, 142583430, 2318126196, 41042117558, 786002475244, 16189215818220, 356847596226840, 8381418010559225, 208967274455769810, 5511890008010697306 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

A time-dependent assembly tree for a connected graph G=(V, E) on n vertices is a rooted tree, each node of which is label a subset U of V and a nonnegative integer i such that:

1) each internal node has at least two children,

2) there are leaves labeled (v, 0) for each vertex v in V,

3) the label on the root is (V, m) for 1 <= m <= n-1,

4) for each node (U, i) with i < m, U is the union of the {u} for the children (u, 0) of (U, i),

5) if (U, i) and (U', i') are adjacent nodes with U a subset of U', then i<i',

6) for each 0 <= i <= m, there exists a node (U, i) with U a subset of V.

A time-dependent assembly tree is said to satisfy the edge gluing rule if each internal vertex v of G has exactly two children and if U_1 and U_2 are the labels of the children of internal vertex v, then there is an edge (v_1,v_2) in the edge set of G such that v_1 is in U_1 and v_2 is in U_2.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..19.

M. Bona and A. Vince, The Number of Ways to Assemble a Graph, arXiv preprint arXiv:1204.3842 [math.CO], 2012.

A. Dougherty, N. Mayers, and R. Short, How to Build a Graph in n Days: Some Variants on Graph Assembly, arXiv preprint arXiv:1807.08079 [math.CO], 2018.

FORMULA

a(n) = Sum_{j=1..floor(n/2)}(binomial(n-j, n-2j)+binomial(n-j-1,n-2j))*a(n-j), a(1)=a(2)=1.

MATHEMATICA

Nest[Function[{a, n}, Append[a, Sum[(Binomial[n - j, n - 2 j] + Binomial[n - j - 1, n - 2 j]) a[[n - j]], {j, Floor[n/2]}]]][#, Length@ # + 1] &, {1, 1}, 17] (* Michael De Vlieger, Jul 26 2018 *)

PROG

(Sage)

@cached_function

def TimeDepenEdgeCyc(n):

    if n==1:

        return 1

    elif n==2:

        return 1

    else:

        return sum((binomial(n-j, n-2*j)+binomial(n-j-1, n-2*j))*TimeDepenEdgeCyc(n-j) for j in range(1, (n//2)+1))

print(', '.join(str(TimeDepenEdgeCyc(i)) for i in range(1, 20)))

(PARI) lista(nn) = my(v = vector(nn)); for (n=1, nn, if (n<=2, v[n] = 1, v[n] = sum(j=1, n\2, (binomial(n-j, n-2*j)+binomial(n-j-1, n-2*j))*v[n-j]))); v; \\ Michel Marcus, Aug 08 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A047781, A317057, A317058, A317059.

Sequence in context: A005189 A331608 A331615 * A308940 A276313 A074520

Adjacent sequences:  A317057 A317058 A317059 * A317061 A317062 A317063

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Nick Mayers, Robert Short, Aria Dougherty, Jul 20 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 13 13:48 EDT 2020. Contains 335688 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)