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 A316353 Number of partitions of positive integer n such that all parts are less than the square root of n. 1
 0, 1, 1, 1, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 14, 16, 19, 21, 24, 27, 30, 72, 84, 94, 108, 120, 136, 150, 169, 185, 427, 480, 540, 603, 674, 748, 831, 918, 1014, 1115, 1226, 2702, 3009, 3331, 3692, 4070, 4494, 4935, 5427, 5942, 6510, 7104, 7760, 8442, 18138, 19928, 21873, 23961, 26226, 28652 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,5 COMMENTS This sequence itself is not a semigroup, but the set of all the partitions enumerated by this sequence does form a semigroup (actually a subsemigroup of the set of all partitions) with the following binary operation: let alpha = the partition (a,b,c,... [this is of course a finite list]) be the partition of the number N1 [that is, a + b + c + ... = N1] and let ALPHA = (A,B,C,...) be the partition of N2. Then the binary operation given by alpha*ALPHA = (a,b,c,...)*(A,B,C,...) = (aA,aB,aC,...,bA,bB,bC,...,cA,cB,cC,...) is a partition of the integer N1*N2. Furthermore, since any part x of alpha is less than the square root of N1, and likewise for any part Y of ALPHA, then the part xY is less than the square root of N1*N2, so the set is a subsemigroup of the semigroup of all partitions under the given operation. If the sole partition (1) of 1 is adjoined, the semigroup becomes a monoid. LINKS Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..20000 (first 123 terms from Robert G. Wilson v) EXAMPLE a(3)=1, since the partition (1,1,1) is the only partition of 3 with all parts less than the square root of 3 ~ 1.73. a(6)=4, since there are only 4 allowable partitions: (1,1,1,1,1,1,1), (1,1,1,1,2), (1,1,2,2), and (2,2,2). MAPLE b:= proc(n, i) option remember; `if`(n=0, 1,       `if`(i<1, 0, b(n, i-1)+b(n-i, min(n-i, i))))     end: a:= n-> b(n, (r-> `if`(r*r>=n, r-1, r))(isqrt(n))): seq(a(n), n=1..100);  # Alois P. Heinz, Aug 02 2018 MATHEMATICA Table[With[{s = Sqrt@ n}, Count[IntegerPartitions[n], _?(AllTrue[#, # < s &] &)]], {n, 53}] (* Michael De Vlieger, Jul 22 2018 *) f[n_] := Length@ IntegerPartitions[n, All, Range@ Sqrt[n - 1]]; Array[f, 50] (* Robert G. Wilson v, Jul 24 2018 *) PROG (PARI) a(n) = my(nb = 0); forpart(p=n, nb++, sqrtint(n)-issquare(n)); nb; \\ Michel Marcus, Jul 15 2018 CROSSREFS Cf. A000041 (the partition numbers), A097356 (with 'no greater' rather than less). Sequence in context: A262302 A182280 A196379 * A204002 A198300 A054760 Adjacent sequences:  A316350 A316351 A316352 * A316354 A316355 A316356 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Richard Locke Peterson, Jun 29 2018 EXTENSIONS More terms from Michel Marcus, Jul 15 2018 STATUS approved

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Last modified July 14 03:42 EDT 2020. Contains 335716 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)