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A309462 Limiting row sequence for Pascal-like triangle A140995 (Stepan's triangle with index of asymmetry s = 3). 2
1, 2, 4, 8, 17, 35, 72, 149, 308, 636, 1314, 2715, 5609, 11588, 23941, 49462, 102188, 211120, 436173, 901131, 1861732, 3846329, 7946496, 16417420, 33918306, 70075047, 144774689, 299103768, 617946857, 1276675050, 2637604132, 5449276664, 11258177753, 23259337731 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

In the attached photograph, we see that the index of asymmetry is denoted by s and the index of obliqueness by e. The general recurrence is G(n+s+2, k) = G(n+1, k-e*s+e-1) + Sum_{1 <= m <= s+1} G(n+m, k-e*s+m*e-2*e) for n >= 0 with k = 1..(n+1) when e = 0 and k = (s+1)..(n+s+1) when e = 1. The initial conditions are G(n+x+1, n-e*n+e*x-e+1) = 2^x for x=0..s and n >= 0. There is one more initial condition, namely, G(n, e*n) = 1 for n >= 0.

For s = 0, we get Pascal's triangle A007318. For s = 1, we get A140998 (e = 0) and A140993 (e = 1). For s = 2, we get A140997 (e = 0) and A140994 (e = 1). For s = 3, we get A140996 (e = 0) and A140995 (e = 1). For s = 4, we have arrays A141020 (with e = 0) and A141021 (with e = 1). In some of these arrays, the indices n and k are shifted.

For the triangular array G(n, k) = A140995(n, k), we have G(n, n) = G(n+1, 0) = 1, G(n+2, 1) = 2, G(n+3, 2) = 4, G(n+4, 3) = 8, and G(n+5, k) = G(n+1, k-3) + G(n+1, k-4) + G(n+2, k-3) + G(n+3, k-2) + G(n+4, k-1) for n >= 0 and k = 4..(n+4).

With G(n, k) = A140995(n, k), the current sequence (a(k): k >= 0) is defined by a(k) = lim_{n -> infinity} G(n, k) for k >= 0. Then a(k) = a(k-4) + 2*a(k-3) + a(k-2) + a(k-1) for k >= 4 with a(x) = 2^x for x = 0..3.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..33.

Juri-Stepan Gerasimov, Stepan's triangles and Pascal's triangle are connected by the recurrence relation ...

FORMULA

a(0) = 1, a(1) = 2, a(2) = 4, a(3) = 8, and a(k) = a(k-1) + a(k-2) + 2*a(k-3) + a(k-4) for k >= 4.

G.f.: (x^2 + x + 1)/(-x^4 - 2*x^3 - x^2 - x + 1).

CROSSREFS

Cf. A007318, A140993, A140994, A140995, A140996, A140997, A140998, A141020, A141021, A141031, A141065, A141066, A141067, A141068, A141069, A141070, A141072, A141073, A308808.

Sequence in context: A293331 A309908 A001357 * A058520 A127680 A136750

Adjacent sequences:  A309459 A309460 A309461 * A309463 A309464 A309465

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Petros Hadjicostas, Aug 03 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 15 08:37 EST 2019. Contains 329144 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)