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 A304794 a(n) is the least possible difference between the greatest and the smallest prime in any partition of prime(n) into three primes p+q+r (p <= q <= r); n >= 4. 0
 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 6, 4, 6, 2, 6, 4, 4, 2, 6, 4, 10, 10, 12, 12, 8, 2, 8, 12, 8, 12, 10, 10, 2, 6, 4, 10, 10, 18, 18, 18, 8, 8, 2, 2, 12, 8, 12, 10, 6, 8, 12, 8, 12, 10, 4, 10, 10, 14, 14, 24, 14, 14, 8, 14, 2, 6, 4, 4, 4, 24, 20, 18, 14, 28, 14, 28, 26, 26, 4, 12 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 4,2 COMMENTS From Goldbach's (weak) conjecture, any prime >= 7 can be expressed as the sum of three primes. For n >= 5 at least 2 different partitions of this kind are possible for the same prime. Many primes (>90% in the above data) exhibit the property of the maximum value of the smallest prime p (=A302607(n)) occurring in the same partition as the minimum value of the greatest prime, r (=A302756(n)). The exceptions in these data are 103, 193, 229, 271, 281, ... where the greatest value of the smallest prime and the smallest value of the greatest prime appear in different partitions. In such cases a(n) is chosen from the partition with the smallest difference r-p, see examples. LINKS EXAMPLE Prime(6) = 13 = 3+5+5 = 3+3+7, so a(6) = 5-3 = 2. Prime(27) = 103 = 31+31+41 = 29+37+37, A302607(27) = 31, and A302756(27) = 37; a(27) = 37-29 = 8. Prime(44) = 193 = 61+61+71 = 59+67+67, A302607(44) = 61, A302756(44) = 67; a(44) = 67-59 = 8. MATHEMATICA Array[Min@ Map[First@ # - Last@ # &, Select[IntegerPartitions[Prime@ #, {3}], AllTrue[#, PrimeQ] &]] &, 75, 4] (* Michael De Vlieger, Jul 19 2018 *) PROG (PARI) a(n) = {my(pn = prime(n), res = oo); forprime(p=2, pn, forprime(q=p, pn, forprime(r=q, pn, if (p+q+r == pn, res = min(res, r-p)); ); ); ); res; } \\ Michel Marcus, Jul 05 2018 CROSSREFS Cf. A302756, A302607. Sequence in context: A260983 A103222 A319100 * A175809 A061033 A075094 Adjacent sequences: A304791 A304792 A304793 * A304795 A304796 A304797 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR David James Sycamore, May 18 2018 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 4 21:40 EST 2022. Contains 358570 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)