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A300948 a(1) = 2, a(2) = 1, and for any n > 2 with binary expansion Sum_{i=0..k} b_i * 2^i, a(n) = Sum_{i=0..k} b_i * 2^(a(i+1)-1). 3
2, 1, 3, 4, 6, 5, 7, 8, 10, 9, 11, 12, 14, 13, 15, 32, 34, 33, 35, 36, 38, 37, 39, 40, 42, 41, 43, 44, 46, 45, 47, 16, 18, 17, 19, 20, 22, 21, 23, 24, 26, 25, 27, 28, 30, 29, 31, 48, 50, 49, 51, 52, 54, 53, 55, 56, 58, 57, 59, 60, 62, 61, 63, 64, 66, 65, 67 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

More informally, in binary, the a(k)-th bit of a(n) is set iff the k-th bit of n is set (where the least significant bit has index 1).

For any k >= 0, the restriction of this sequence to the first A007013(k) terms is a self-inverse permutation preserving the Hamming weight; this property can be proven by induction.

This sequence is a self-inverse permutation of the natural numbers.

This sequence has infinitely many fixed points (A300950); for any k >= 0, at least one of 2^k or 2^k + a(2^k) is a fixed point.

See also A300955 and A300956 for sequences in the same vein.

LINKS

Rémy Sigrist, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Index entries for sequences related to binary expansion of n

Index entries for sequences that are permutations of the natural numbers

FORMULA

A000120(a(n)) = A000120(n).

a(a(n)) = n.

EXAMPLE

a(3) = a(2^1 + 2^0) = 2^(a(2)-1) + 2^(a(1)-1) = 2^0 + 2^1 = 3.

a(4) = a(2^2) = 2^(a(3)-1) = 2^2 = 4.

a(6) = a(2^2 + 2^1) = 2^(a(3)-1) + 2^(a(2)-1) = 2^2 + 2^0 = 5.

a(42) = a(2^5 + 2^3 + 2^1) = 2^(a(6)-1) + 2^(a(4)-1) + 2^(a(2)-1) = 2^4 + 2^3 + 2^0 = 25.

MATHEMATICA

a[1] = 2; a[2] = 1; a[n_] := a[n] = With[{b = IntegerDigits[n, 2] // Reverse}, Sum[If[b[[i]] == 1, 2^(a[i]-1), 0], {i, Length[b]}]]; Array[a, 100] (* Jean-François Alcover, Mar 17 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = if (n==1, 2, n==2, 1, my (b=Vecrev(binary(n))); sum(i=1, #b, if (b[i], 2^(a(i)-1), 0)))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000120, A007013, A300950 (fixed points), A300955, A300956.

Sequence in context: A122514 A130077 A080412 * A098164 A158504 A293253

Adjacent sequences:  A300945 A300946 A300947 * A300949 A300950 A300951

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

Rémy Sigrist, Mar 16 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 18 05:32 EDT 2019. Contains 327165 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)