

A300712


Number of ways to write n as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers such that 3*x or y is a square and x  y is twice a square.


15



1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 3, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 4, 3, 5, 1, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 4, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 4, 3, 6, 2, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 3, 1, 3, 5, 2, 6, 3, 5, 3, 2, 4, 3, 2, 4, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 8, 5, 3, 2, 5, 3, 4, 3, 3, 5, 3, 1, 2
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OFFSET

0,3


COMMENTS

Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n >= 0, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 16^k*m with k = 0,1,2,... and m = 0, 1, 3, 7, 21, 24, 46, 79, 88, 94, 142, 151, 184, 190, 193, 280, 286, 1336.
By the author's 2017 JNT paper, any nonnegative integer can be written as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers such that 2*(xy) (or x) is a square.
See also A281976, A300666, A300667 and A300708 for similar conjectures.


LINKS

ZhiWei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000
ZhiWei Sun, Refining Lagrange's foursquare theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167190.
ZhiWei Sun, Restricted sums of four squares, arXiv:1701.05868 [math.NT], 20172018.


EXAMPLE

a(21) = 1 since 21 = 2^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 + 4^2 with 0 = 0^2 and 2  0 = 2*1^2.
a(79) = 1 since 79 = 3^2 + 3^2 + 5^2 + 6^2 with 3*3 = 3^2 and 3  3 = 2*0^2.
a(142) = 1 since 142 = 6^2 + 4^2 + 3^2 + 9^2 with 4 = 2^2 and 6  4 = 2*1^2.
a(190) = 1 since 190 = 3^2 + 1^2 + 6^2 + 12^2 with 1 = 1^2 and 3  1 = 2*1^2.
a(193) = 1 since 193 = 0^2 + 0^2 + 7^2 + 12^2 with 0 = 0^2 and 0  0 = 2*0^2.
a(280) = 1 since 280 = 12^2 + 10^2 + 0^2 + 6^2 with 3*12 = 6^2 and 12  10 = 2*1^2.
a(1336) = 1 since 1336 = 2^2 + 0^2 + 6^2 + 36^2 with 0 = 0^2 and 2  0 = 2*1^2.


MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]];
tab={}; Do[r=0; Do[If[(SQ[3(2m^2+y)]SQ[y])&&SQ[n(2m^2+y)^2y^2z^2], r=r+1], {m, 0, (n/4)^(1/4)}, {y, 0, Sqrt[(n4m^4)/2]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[Max[0, (n(2m^2+y)^2y^2)/2]]}]; tab=Append[tab, r], {n, 0, 80}]; Print[tab]


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A271518, A271775, A281976, A300666, A300667, A300708.
Sequence in context: A023595 A177718 A057515 * A282463 A265337 A096852
Adjacent sequences: A300709 A300710 A300711 * A300713 A300714 A300715


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

ZhiWei Sun, Mar 11 2018


STATUS

approved



