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A294675 Numbers that are the sum of 5 nonzero squares in exactly 1 way. 40
5, 8, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 34, 36, 39, 42, 57, 60 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

The sequence is likely to be finite and complete as the next term, if it exists, is > 50000.

From a proof by David A. Corneth on Nov 08 2017 in A294736: This sequence is complete, see the von Eitzen Link and Price's computation that the next term must be > 50000. Proof. The link mentions "for positive integer n, if n > 5408 then the number of ways to write n as a sum of 5 squares is at least Floor(Sqrt(n - 101) / 8)". So for n > 5408, there are more than one way to write n as a sum of 5 squares. For n <= 5408, it has been verified if n is in the sequence by inspection. Hence the sequence is complete.

REFERENCES

E. Grosswald, Representations of Integers as Sums of Squares. Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985, p. 86, Theorem 1.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..24.

H. von Eitzen, in reply to user James47, What is the largest integer with only one representation as a sum of five nonzero squares? on stackexchange.com, May 2014

D. H. Lehmer, On the Partition of Numbers into Squares, The American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 55, No. 8, October 1948, pp. 476-481.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Square Number.

Index entries for sequences related to sums of squares

FORMULA

A243148(a(n),5) = 1. - Alois P. Heinz, Feb 25 2019

MATHEMATICA

Select[Range[100], Length[Select[PowersRepresentations[#, 5, 2], #[[1]] > 0&]] == 1&] (* Jean-François Alcover, Feb 25 2019 *)

b[n_, i_, k_, t_] := b[n, i, k, t] = If[n == 0, If[t == 0, 1, 0], If[i<1 || t<1, 0, b[n, i - 1, k, t] + If[i^2 > n, 0, b[n - i^2, i, k, t - 1]]]];

T[n_, k_] := b[n, Sqrt[n] // Floor, k, k];

Position[Table[T[n, 5], {n, 0, 100}], 1] - 1 // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Nov 06 2020, after Alois P. Heinz in A243148 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A025429, A025357, A243148.

Sequence in context: A314386 A189577 A047700 * A104275 A053726 A246371

Adjacent sequences:  A294672 A294673 A294674 * A294676 A294677 A294678

KEYWORD

nonn,fini,full

AUTHOR

Robert Price, Nov 06 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 25 08:33 EST 2021. Contains 341606 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)