login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo

Please make a donation to keep the OEIS running. We are now in our 55th year. In the past year we added 12000 new sequences and reached 8000 citations (which often say "discovered thanks to the OEIS"). We need to raise money to hire someone to manage submissions, which would reduce the load on our editors and speed up editing.
Other ways to donate

Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A293770 Continued fraction expansion of the minimum ripple factor for a ninth-order, reflectionless, Chebyshev filter. 8
0, 4, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 6, 2, 7, 1, 1, 8, 3, 2, 5, 1, 2, 1, 13, 1, 2, 1, 10, 1, 1, 78, 7, 1, 11, 4, 2, 7, 4, 20, 1, 3, 3, 1, 18, 55, 1, 11, 2, 12, 1, 6, 1, 11, 1, 11, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 11, 3, 15, 1, 29, 2, 1, 1, 5, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 16, 1, 14, 1, 7, 1, 19, 2, 8, 2, 3, 14, 1, 4, 1, 28, 5, 11, 2, 1, 2, 255, 5, 1, 1, 1, 1, 5, 1, 3, 2, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

This is the smallest ripple factor (a constant) for which the prototype elements of the ninth-order generalized reflectionless filter topology (see Morgan, 2017) needs no negative elements. It is also the ripple factor for which the first two and last two Chebyshev prototype parameters (of the canonical ladder, or Cauer, topology) are equal.

Other related sequences in the OEIS are the decimal and continued fraction expansions of the limiting ripple factors for third, fifth, seventh, and ninth order, as well as for the limiting case where the order diverges to infinity. As these ripple factors do approach a common limit very quickly, the sequences for the fifth- and higher-order constants share the same initial terms, to greater length as the order increases.

There are simple radical expressions for the third- and fifth-order constants (see formulas). Further, the third-order constant is a quadratic irrational, thus having a repeating continued fraction expansion. I do not know if such simple expressions or patterns exist for the higher-order constants or the limiting (infinite-order) constant.

REFERENCES

M. Morgan, Reflectionless Filters, Norwood, MA: Artech House, pp. 129-132, January 2017.

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

EXAMPLE

1/(4 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(3 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(16+ 1/(2 + 1/(7+...

MATHEMATICA

ContinuedFraction[Sqrt[Exp[4 ArcTanh[Exp[-2*9*ArcSinh[Sqrt[1/2*Sin[Pi/9] Tan[Pi/9]]]]]] - 1], 130]

PROG

(MAGMA) R:= RealField(); ContinuedFraction(Sqrt(Exp(4*Argtanh(Exp(-18* Argsinh(Sqrt(Sin(Pi(R)/9)*Tan(Pi(R)/9)/2))))) - 1)); // G. C. Greubel, Feb 16 2018

(PARI) contfrac( sqrt(exp(4*atanh(exp(-18*asinh(sqrt(sin(Pi/9)*tan(Pi/9)/2))))) - 1) ) \\ G. C. Greubel, Feb 16 2018

CROSSREFS

Decimal expansions (A020784, A293409, A293415, A293416, A293417) and continued fractions (A040021, A293768, A293769, A293770, A293882) for third-, fifth-, seventh-, ninth-order and the limiting "infinite-order" constant, respectively.

Sequence in context: A016527 A010325 A265273 * A111311 A327893 A326410

Adjacent sequences:  A293767 A293768 A293769 * A293771 A293772 A293773

KEYWORD

cofr,easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Matthew A. Morgan, Oct 15 2017

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified December 10 04:15 EST 2019. Contains 329885 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)