login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A293768 Continued fraction expansion of the minimum ripple factor for a fifth-order, reflectionless, Chebyshev filter. 8
0, 4, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 5, 1, 10, 5, 2, 2, 1, 3, 5, 4, 2, 1, 1, 3, 1, 3, 1, 8, 8, 164, 2, 2, 5, 4, 19, 1, 2, 74, 1, 1, 2, 1, 9, 1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 15, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 45, 2, 4, 1, 1, 8, 1, 4, 2, 5, 1, 1, 2, 11, 1, 8, 1, 4, 4, 1, 1, 1, 1, 68, 10, 2, 4, 8, 1, 3, 5, 1, 25, 3, 1, 1, 8, 5, 81, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 868, 1, 4, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

This is the smallest ripple factor (a constant) for which the prototype elements of the fifth-order generalized reflectionless filter topology (see Morgan, 2017) needs no negative elements. It is also the ripple factor for which the first two and last two Chebyshev prototype parameters (of the canonical ladder, or Cauer, topology) are equal.

Other related sequences in the OEIS are the decimal and continued fraction expansions of the limiting ripple factors for third, fifth, seventh, and ninth order, as well as for the limiting case where the order diverges to infinity. As these ripple factors do approach a common limit very quickly, the sequences for the fifth- and higher-order constants share the same initial terms, to greater length as the order increases.

There are simple radical expressions for the third- and fifth-order constants (see formulas). Further, the third-order constant is a quadratic irrational, thus having a repeating continued fraction expansion. I do not know if such simple expressions or patterns exist for the higher-order constants or the limiting (infinite-order) constant.

REFERENCES

M. Morgan, Reflectionless Filters, Norwood, MA: Artech House, pp. 129-132, January 2017.

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

EXAMPLE

1/(4 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(1 + 1/(3 + 1/(5 + 1/(1+...

MATHEMATICA

ContinuedFraction[Sqrt[Exp[4 ArcTanh[Exp[-2*5*ArcSinh[Sqrt[1/2*Sin[Pi/5] Tan[Pi/5]]]]]] - 1], 130]

PROG

(MAGMA) R:= RealField(); ContinuedFraction(Sqrt(Exp(4*Argtanh(Exp(-10* Argsinh(Sqrt(Sin(Pi(R)/5)*Tan(Pi(R)/5)/2))))) - 1)); // G. C. Greubel, Feb 16 2018

(PARI) contfrac( sqrt(exp(4*atanh(exp(-10*asinh(sqrt(sin(Pi/5)*tan(Pi/5)/2))))) - 1) ) \\ G. C. Greubel, Feb 16 2018

CROSSREFS

Decimal expansions (A020784, A293409, A293415, A293416, A293417) and continued fractions (A040021, A293768, A293769, A293770, A293882) for third-, fifth-, seventh-, ninth-order and the limiting "infinite-order" constant, respectively.

Sequence in context: A164561 A178764 A070010 * A046564 A046592 A010326

Adjacent sequences:  A293765 A293766 A293767 * A293769 A293770 A293771

KEYWORD

cofr,easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Matthew A. Morgan, Oct 15 2017

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified October 18 07:19 EDT 2019. Contains 328146 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)