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A293496 Array read by antidiagonals: T(n,k) = number of chiral pairs of necklaces with n beads using a maximum of k colors. 8
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 10, 15, 12, 1, 0, 0, 0, 20, 45, 72, 38, 2, 0, 0, 0, 35, 105, 252, 270, 117, 6, 0, 0, 0, 56, 210, 672, 1130, 1044, 336, 14, 0, 0, 0, 84, 378, 1512, 3535, 5270, 3795, 976, 30, 0 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,18

COMMENTS

An orientable necklace when turned over does not leave it unchanged. Only one necklace in each pair is included in the count.

The number of chiral bracelets. An achiral bracelet is the same as its reverse, while a chiral bracelet is equivalent to its reverse. - Robert A. Russell, Sep 28 2018

LINKS

Andrew Howroyd, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1275

FORMULA

T(n,k) = (A075195(n,k) - A284855(n,k)) / 2.

From Robert A. Russell, Sep 28 2018: (Start)

T(n, k) = -(k^floor((n+1)/2) + k^ceiling((n+1)/2)) / 4 + (1/2n) * Sum_{d|n} phi(d) * k^(n/d)

G.f. for column k: -(kx/4)*(kx+x+2)/(1-kx^2) - Sum_{d>0} phi(d)*log(1-kx^d)/2d. (End)

EXAMPLE

Array begins:

  ==========================================================

  n\k | 1  2    3     4      5       6        7        8

  ----+-----------------------------------------------------

   1  | 0  0    0     0      0       0        0        0 ...

   2  | 0  0    0     0      0       0        0        0 ...

   3  | 0  0    1     4     10      20       35       56 ...

   4  | 0  0    3    15     45     105      210      378 ...

   5  | 0  0   12    72    252     672     1512     3024 ...

   6  | 0  1   38   270   1130    3535     9156    20748 ...

   7  | 0  2  117  1044   5270   19350    57627   147752 ...

   8  | 0  6  336  3795  23520  102795   355656  1039626 ...

   9  | 0 14  976 14060 106960  556010  2233504  7440216 ...

  10  | 0 30 2724 51204 483756 3010098 14091000 53615016 ...

  ...

For T(3,4)=4, the chiral pairs are ABC-ACB, ABD-ADB, ACD-ADC, and BCD-BDC.

For T(4,3)=3, the chiral pairs are AABC-AACB, ABBC-ACBB, and ABCC-ACCB. - Robert A. Russell, Sep 28 2018

MATHEMATICA

b[n_, k_] := (1/n)*DivisorSum[n, EulerPhi[#]*k^(n/#) &];

c[n_, k_] := If[EvenQ[n], (k^(n/2) + k^(n/2 + 1))/2, k^((n + 1)/2)];

T[_, 1] = T[1, _] = 0; T[n_, k_] := (b[n, k] - c[n, k])/2;

Table[T[n - k + 1, k], {n, 1, 11}, {k, n, 1, -1}] // Flatten (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Oct 11 2017, translated from PARI *)

PROG

(PARI) \\ here b(n, k) is A075195 and c(n, k) is A284855

b(n, k) = (1/n) * sumdiv(n, d, eulerphi(d)*k^(n/d));

c(n, k) = if(n % 2 == 0, (k^(n/2) + k^(n/2+1))/2, k^((n+1)/2));

T(n, k) = (b(n, k) - c(n, k)) / 2;

CROSSREFS

Columns 2..6 are A059076, A278639, A278640, A278641, A278642.

Cf. A075195, A081720, A284855.

Sequence in context: A125856 A057110 A073275 * A290326 A284947 A261099

Adjacent sequences:  A293493 A293494 A293495 * A293497 A293498 A293499

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Andrew Howroyd, Oct 10 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 20 02:22 EDT 2019. Contains 323411 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)