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 A292374 a(1) = 1, a(2n) = 0, and for odd numbers n > 1, a(n) = a(A064989(n)) + [n == 1 (mod 4)]. 3
 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 3, 0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 3, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 4, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 5, 0, 0, 0, 6, 0, 6, 0, 1, 0, 6, 0, 3, 0, 0, 0, 7, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 7, 0, 8, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 8, 0, 1, 0, 8, 0, 9, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 9, 0, 1, 0, 9, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 10, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 11, 0, 0, 0, 12, 0, 12, 0, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,13 COMMENTS For odd numbers > 1, iterate the map x -> A064989(x), which shifts every prime in the prime factorization of n one index step towards smaller primes. a(n) counts the numbers of the form 4k+1 encountered until the first number which is even has been reached. This count includes also n itself if it is of the form 4k+1 (A016813), thus a(1) = 1. In other words, locate the position where n is in square array A246278 and moving up by that column, count all numbers of the form 4k+1 until an even number at the top of the column is reached. LINKS Antti Karttunen, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..16384 FORMULA a(1) = 1, a(2n) = 0, and for odd numbers n > 1, a(n) = a(A064989(n)) + [n == 1 (mod 4)]. a(n) <= A292375(n). For n >= 2, a(n) + A292376(n) + 1 = A055396(n). MATHEMATICA a = 1; a[n_] := a[n] = If[EvenQ@ n, 0, a[Times @@ Power[Which[# == 1, 1, # == 2, 1, True, NextPrime[#, -1]] & /@ First@ #, Last@ #] &@ Transpose@ FactorInteger@ n] + Boole[Mod[n, 4] == 1]]; Array[a, 105] (* Michael De Vlieger, Sep 17 2017 *) PROG (PARI) A064989(n) = {my(f); f = factor(n); if((n>1 && f[1, 1]==2), f[1, 2] = 0); for (i=1, #f~, f[i, 1] = precprime(f[i, 1]-1)); factorback(f)}; A292374(n) = if(1==n, n, if(!(n%2), 0, (if(1==(n%4), 1, 0)+A292374(A064989(n))))); (Scheme, with memoization-macro definec) (definec (A292374 n) (cond ((even? n) 0) ((= 1 n) 1) (else (+ (if (= 1 (modulo n 4)) 1 0) (A292374 (A064989 n)))))) CROSSREFS Cf. A016813, A055396, A064989, A246271, A246278, A292375. Cf. also A038802 (odd bisection of a(n) + A292376(n)). Sequence in context: A284687 A046268 A202425 * A292376 A257685 A327172 Adjacent sequences:  A292371 A292372 A292373 * A292375 A292376 A292377 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Antti Karttunen, Sep 17 2017 STATUS approved

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Last modified January 19 00:40 EST 2020. Contains 331030 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)