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A290683 Decimal representation of the diagonal from the origin to the corner of the n-th stage of growth of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 929", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. 4
1, 1, 7, 7, 31, 63, 127, 255, 511, 1023, 2047, 4095, 8191, 16383, 32767, 65535, 131071, 262143, 524287, 1048575, 2097151, 4194303, 8388607, 16777215, 33554431, 67108863, 134217727, 268435455, 536870911, 1073741823, 2147483647, 4294967295, 8589934591 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero.

REFERENCES

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.

LINKS

Robert Price, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..126

Robert Price, Diagrams of first 20 stages

N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science

Wolfram Research, Wolfram Atlas of Simple Programs

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

Index to 2D 5-Neighbor Cellular Automata

Index to Elementary Cellular Automata

FORMULA

Conjectures from Colin Barker, Aug 09 2017: (Start)

G.f.: (1 - 2*x + 6*x^2 - 12*x^3 + 24*x^4 - 16*x^5) / ((1 - x)*(1 - 2*x)).

a(n) = 2^(1+n) - 1 for n>3.

a(n) = 3*a(n-1) - 2*a(n-2) for n>5.

(End)

MATHEMATICA

CAStep[rule_, a_] := Map[rule[[10 - #]] &, ListConvolve[{{0, 2, 0}, {2, 1, 2}, {0, 2, 0}}, a, 2], {2}];

code = 929; stages = 128;

rule = IntegerDigits[code, 2, 10];

g = 2 * stages + 1; (* Maximum size of grid *)

a = PadLeft[{{1}}, {g, g}, 0, Floor[{g, g}/2]]; (* Initial ON cell on grid *)

ca = a;

ca = Table[ca = CAStep[rule, ca], {n, 1, stages + 1}];

PrependTo[ca, a];

(* Trim full grid to reflect growth by one cell at each stage *)

k = (Length[ca[[1]]] + 1)/2;

ca = Table[Table[Part[ca[[n]] [[j]], Range[k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n]], {j, k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n}], {n, 1, k}];

Table[FromDigits[Part[ca[[i]] [[i]], Range[i, 2 * i - 1]], 10], {i, 1, stages - 1}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A290680, A290681, A290682.

Sequence in context: A095343 A286830 A286862 * A121210 A241866 A243123

Adjacent sequences:  A290680 A290681 A290682 * A290684 A290685 A290686

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Robert Price, Aug 09 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 22 23:00 EST 2019. Contains 319365 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)