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A286561 Square array A(n,k): A(n,1) = 1, and for k > 1, A(n,k) = the highest exponent e such that k^e divides n, read by descending antidiagonals as A(1,1), A(1,2), A(2,1), etc. 15
1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 3, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,14

LINKS

Antti Karttunen, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10585; the first 145 antidiagonals of array

EXAMPLE

The top left 18 X 18 corner of the array:

  n \k 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

     .-----------------------------------------------------

   1 | 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   2 | 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   3 | 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   4 | 1, 2, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   5 | 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   6 | 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   7 | 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   8 | 1, 3, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

   9 | 1, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

  10 | 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

  11 | 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

  12 | 1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

  13 | 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0

  14 | 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0

  15 | 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0

  16 | 1, 4, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0

  17 | 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0

  18 | 1, 1, 2, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1

  ---------------------------------------------------------

A(18,2) = 1, because 2^1 divides 18, but 2^2 does not. A(18,3) = 2, because 3^2 divides 18 (but 3^3 does not). A(18,4) = 0, because 4^0 (= 1) divides 18, but 4^1 does not. A(18,18) = 1, because 18^1 divides 18, but 18^2 does not.

A(2,18) = 0, because 18^0 divides 2, but 18^1 does not.

MATHEMATICA

Table[Function[m, If[k == 1, 1, IntegerExponent[m, k]]][n - k + 1], {n, 15}, {k, n}] // TableForm (* Michael De Vlieger, May 20 2017 *)

PROG

(Scheme)

(define (A286561 n) (A286561bi (A002260 n) (A004736 n)))

(define (A286561bi row col) (if (= 1 col) 1 (let loop ((i 1)) (if (not (zero? (modulo row (expt col i)))) (- i 1) (loop (+ 1 i))))))

(PARI) A286561(n, k) = if(1==k, 1, valuation(n, k)); \\ Antti Karttunen, May 27 2017

(Python)

def a(n, k):

    i=1

    if k==1: return 1

    while n%(k**i)==0:

        i+=1

    return i-1

for n in xrange(1, 21): print [a(k, n - k + 1) for k in xrange(1, n + 1)] # Indranil Ghosh, May 20 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A286562 (transpose), A286563 (lower triangular region), A286564 (lower triangular region reversed).

Cf. A169594 (row sums), also A168512, A178638, A186643.

Cf. also array A286156.

Sequence in context: A037876 A263774 A161519 * A068101 A094263 A049761

Adjacent sequences:  A286558 A286559 A286560 * A286562 A286563 A286564

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Antti Karttunen, May 20 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 22 11:00 EDT 2019. Contains 325219 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)