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A282071 Decimal representation of the x-axis, from the left edge to the origin, of the n-th stage of growth of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 419", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. 4
1, 1, 7, 0, 21, 31, 96, 39, 288, 297, 1833, 297, 5417, 7977, 24873, 9513, 75561, 75049, 468281, 75025, 1385813, 2041215, 6367120, 2434455, 19343128, 19210577, 119874897, 19212113, 354885969, 522528081, 1629824849, 623321425, 4951450961, 4918683473 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero.

REFERENCES

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.

LINKS

Robert Price, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..126

Robert Price, Diagrams of first 20 stages

N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science

Wolfram Research, Wolfram Atlas of Simple Programs

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

Index to 2D 5-Neighbor Cellular Automata

Index to Elementary Cellular Automata

MATHEMATICA

CAStep[rule_, a_] := Map[rule[[10 - #]] &, ListConvolve[{{0, 2, 0}, {2, 1, 2}, {0, 2, 0}}, a, 2], {2}];

code = 419; stages = 128;

rule = IntegerDigits[code, 2, 10];

g = 2 * stages + 1; (* Maximum size of grid *)

a = PadLeft[{{1}}, {g, g}, 0, Floor[{g, g}/2]]; (* Initial ON cell on grid *)

ca = a;

ca = Table[ca = CAStep[rule, ca], {n, 1, stages + 1}];

PrependTo[ca, a];

(* Trim full grid to reflect growth by one cell at each stage *)

k = (Length[ca[[1]]] + 1)/2;

ca = Table[Table[Part[ca[[n]] [[j]], Range[k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n]], {j, k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n}], {n, 1, k}];

Table[FromDigits[Part[ca[[i]] [[i]], Range[1, i]], 2], {i, 1, stages - 1}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A282069, A282070, A282072.

Sequence in context: A052440 A246919 A167299 * A064854 A199917 A279991

Adjacent sequences:  A282068 A282069 A282070 * A282072 A282073 A282074

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Robert Price, Feb 05 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 7 04:20 EDT 2020. Contains 333292 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)