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A281977 Number of ways to write n as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers such that both x and -7*x - 8*y + 8*z + 16*w are squares. 10
1, 1, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 1, 2, 5, 3, 1, 1, 3, 2, 6, 3, 5, 2, 2, 2, 3, 5, 1, 4, 4, 1, 3, 2, 7, 10, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 4, 4, 3, 5, 2, 2, 2, 1, 7, 6, 5, 5, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 6, 2, 2, 10, 4, 2, 2, 4, 6, 4, 3, 5, 2, 3, 2, 5, 7, 4, 8, 6, 2, 3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n = 0,1,2,....

The author has proved that any nonnegative integer can be written as the sum of a fourth power and three squares.

We have verified the conjecture for all n = 0..10^6.

See also A281976, A282013 and A282014 for similar conjectures.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167-190.

Zhi-Wei Sun, Restricted sums of four squares, arXiv:1701.05868 [math.NT], 2017.

EXAMPLE

a(1) = 1 since 1 = 0^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 + 1^2 with 0 = 0^2 and -7*0 - 8*0 + 8*0 + 16*1 = 4^2.

a(12) = 1 since 12 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 + 1^2 with 1 = 1^2 and -7*1 - 8*1 + 8*3 + 16*1 = 5^2.

a(17) = 1 since 17 = 1^2 + 0^2 + 4^2 + 0^2 with 1 = 1^2 and -7*1 - 8*0 + 8*4 + 16*0 = 5^2.

a(28) = 1 since 28 = 4^2 + 2^2 + 2^2 + 2^2 with 4 = 2^2 and -7*4 - 8*2 + 8*2 + 16*2 = 2^2.

a(31) = 1 since 31 = 1^2 + 1^2 + 2^2 + 5^2 with 1 = 1^2 and -7*1 - 8*1 + 8*2 + 16*5 = 9^2.

a(40) = 1 since 40 = 4^2 + 2^2 + 2^2 + 4^2 with 4 = 2^2 and -7*4 -8*2 + 8*2 + 16*4 = 6^2.

a(41) = 1 since 41 = 1^2 + 2^2 + 6^2 + 0^2 with 1 = 1^2 and -7*1 - 8*2 + 8*6 + 16*0 = 5^2.

a(49) = 1 since 49 = 0^2 + 6^2 + 2^2 + 3^2 with 0 = 0^2 and -7*0 - 8*6 + 8*2 + 16*3 = 4^2.

a(241) = 1 since 241 = 9^2 + 4^2 + 12^2 + 0^2 with 9 = 3^2 and -7*9 - 8*4 + 8*12 + 16*0 = 1^2.

a(433) = 1 since 433 = 16^2 + 8^2 + 8^2 + 7^2 with 16 = 4^2 and -7*16 - 8*8 + 8*8 + 16*7 = 0^2.

a(1113) = 1 since 1113 = 1^2 + 30^2 + 4^2 + 14^2 with 1 = 1^2 and -7*1 - 8*30 + 8*4 + 16*14 = 3^2.

a(1521) = 1 since 1521 = 0^2 + 22^2 + 14^2 + 29^2 with 0 = 0^2 and -7*0 - 8*22 + 8*14 + 16*29 = 20^2.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]];

Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^4-y^2-z^2]&&SQ[16*Sqrt[n-x^4-y^2-z^2]+8z-8y-7x^2], r=r+1], {x, 0, n^(1/4)}, {y, 0, Sqrt[n-x^4]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[n-x^4-y^2]}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 0, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A270969, A281939, A281941, A281975, A281976, A282013, A282014.

Sequence in context: A278885 A183049 A178086 * A240666 A052901 A127807

Adjacent sequences:  A281974 A281975 A281976 * A281978 A281979 A281980

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Feb 04 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 21 22:19 EDT 2019. Contains 321382 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)