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A279286 a(n) = d if the point (d,d) is shared by a record of different Dyck paths in the main diagonal of the diagram of the symmetries of sigma described in A237593. 16
1, 2, 7, 15, 52, 102, 296, 371, 455, 929, 1853, 2034, 4517, 4797, 5829, 6146, 6948, 17577, 18915, 60349, 78369, 85171, 123788, 128596, 415355, 906771, 1308771, 3329668 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Is this sequence infinite?

First differs from A282197 (another version) at a(19). - Omar E. Pol, Feb 08 2017

a(n) = d if the point (d,d) belongs to a vertical-line-segment whose length is a record in the main diagonal of the pyramid described in A245092 (starting from the top). The diagram of the symmetries of sigma is also the top view of the mentioned pyramid. See examples. - Omar E. Pol, Feb 09 2017

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..28.

EXAMPLE

The first record of height difference is between the levels 1 and 2 of the pyramid (starting from the top), at the point (1,1) of the main diagonal of the top view of the pyramid, so a(1) = 1.

The second record of height difference is between the levels 2 and 4, at the point (2,2) of the main diagonal of the top view of the pyramid, so a(2) = 2.

The third record of height difference is between the levels 9 and 12, at the point (7,7) of the main diagonal of the top view of the pyramid, so a(3) = 7.

The fourth record of height difference is between the levels 20 and 24, at the point (15,15) of the main diagonal of the top view of the pyramid, so a(4) = 15.

Illustration of the diagram of the symmetries of sigma (n = 1..16), which is also the top view of the pyramid described in A245092, and it is also a quadrant of the top view of the pyramid described in A244050:

.     _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

.    |_| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

.    |_ _|_| | | | | | | | | | | | | |

.    |_ _|  _|_| | | | | | | | | | | |

.    |_ _ _|    _|_| | | | | | | | | |

.    |_ _ _|  _|  _ _|_| | | | | | | |

.    |_ _ _ _|  _| |  _ _|_| | | | | |

.    |_ _ _ _| |_ _|_|    _ _|_| | | |

.    |_ _ _ _ _|  _|     |  _ _ _|_| |

.    |_ _ _ _ _| |      _|_| |  _ _ _|

.    |_ _ _ _ _ _|  _ _|    _| |

.    |_ _ _ _ _ _| |  _|  _|  _|

.    |_ _ _ _ _ _ _| |_ _|  _|

.    |_ _ _ _ _ _ _| |  _ _|

.    |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |

.    |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |

.    |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _|

...

MATHEMATICA

a240542[n_] := Sum[(-1)^(k+1)*Ceiling[(n+1)/k - (k+1)/2], {k, 1, Floor[(Sqrt[8n+1]-1)/2]}]

a279286[b_] := Module[{centers={{1, 1}}, acc={1}, k=2, cPrev=1, cCur, len}, While[k<=b, cCur=a240542[k]; If[Last[acc]==cCur, AppendTo[acc, cCur], len=Length[acc]; If[First[Last[centers]]<len, AppendTo[centers, {len, cPrev}]]; acc={cCur}; cPrev=cCur]; k++]; Last[Transpose[centers]]]

a279286[5000000] (* data *)

(* Hartmut F. W. Hoft, Feb 08 2017 *)

CROSSREFS

Where records occur in A259179, (was the original Name).

Cf. A196020, A235791, A236104, A237048, A237270, A237591, A237593, A240542, A245092, A244050, A262626, A282197.

Sequence in context: A093652 A200862 A096690 * A282197 A050612 A120110

Adjacent sequences:  A279283 A279284 A279285 * A279287 A279288 A279289

KEYWORD

nonn,hard,more

AUTHOR

Omar E. Pol, Dec 09 2016

EXTENSIONS

a(7)-a(28) from Hartmut F. W. Hoft, Feb 08 2017

New Name from Omar E. Pol, Feb 09 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 25 07:33 EST 2020. Contains 332221 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)