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A274261 Exhaustion numbers for the greedy prime offset sequence A135311. 2
1, 2, 4, 6, 11, 14, 19, 37, 38, 53, 50, 57, 80, 81, 99, 125, 131, 213, 156, 330, 161, 220, 173, 207, 244, 225, 312, 337, 234, 293, 462, 471, 434, 535, 349, 458, 470, 489, 477, 413, 527, 474, 619, 539, 554, 666, 743, 690, 1295, 740, 627, 617, 706, 911, 755, 867 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The greedy prime offset sequence, A135311, is the close-packed integer sequence, starting with 0, such that for no prime p does the sequence form a complete system of residues modulo p. Instead, at least one residue must be missing for p, this is the (conjectured to be unique) "forbidden residue" for p. Every prime, it appears, has a unique forbidden residue. If this is true then every prime has an "exhaustion number" which is the number of terms of the greedy sequence needed to exhaust all the other residues and determine which one is forbidden. The uniqueness of the forbidden residue for any individual prime can be verified by calculation.

Note: I discovered the greedy sequence many years ago and did a writeup including discussion of forbidden residues and exhaustion numbers. See Links section.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..56.

R. Michael Perry, A number sequence relating to the closepacking of primes

EXAMPLE

The first few terms of the greedy offset sequence are 0, 2, 6, 8. For n=3, the nth prime = 5. The residues of the greedy sequence modulo 5 are 0, 2, 1, 3 .... The first four residues exhaust all the possibilities but one, showing that 4 is the forbidden residue for 5 and the exhaustion number is also 4.

MATHEMATICA

b[n_] := Module[{set = {}, m = 0, p, q, r}, p = Prime[n];

  While[Length[set] < p - 1, m++; q = Mod[g[m], p];

   If[FreeQ[set, q], set = Append[set, q]]];

  r = Complement[Range[0, p - 1], set][[1]];

  {n, p, r, m}]

(* b[n] returns a 4-element list: {n, Prime[n], forbidden_residue[n], exhaustion_number[n]}. g is the greedy sequence, see A135311 for Mathematica code, where a[n]=g[n].*)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A135311, A274260.

Sequence in context: A171865 A068059 A108868 * A156913 A238483 A238487

Adjacent sequences:  A274258 A274259 A274260 * A274262 A274263 A274264

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

R. Michael Perry, Jun 16 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 22 01:04 EST 2019. Contains 320381 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)