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A273875 Number of ordered ways to write n as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with x*y + 2*y*z + 4*z*x a nonnegative cube, where w,x,y,z are integers with w >= 0 and x > 0. 1
1, 2, 2, 2, 4, 3, 1, 1, 4, 3, 1, 1, 3, 3, 1, 1, 3, 6, 4, 6, 5, 2, 4, 2, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 3, 2, 4, 6, 4, 8, 5, 5, 3, 4, 7, 7, 6, 3, 10, 2, 4, 1, 3, 10, 4, 8, 4, 8, 5, 4, 5, 9, 5, 4, 4, 4, 10, 1, 11, 11, 4, 10, 10, 4, 4, 9, 6, 9, 7, 5, 6, 8, 5, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 0.

(ii) Any positive integer can be written as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with x*y + 2*y*z + 4*z*x  = 4*t^3 for some t = 0,1,2,..., where w,x,y,z are integers with x > 0. Also, any natural number can be written as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with x*y + 3*y*z + 4*z*x  = 3*t^3 for some t = 0,1,2,..., where w,x,y,z are integers with x >= 0.

(iii) For each triple (a,b,c) = (1,1,2), (1,2,3), (3,2,1), (4,1,1), any natural number can be written as w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with a*x*y + b*y*z - c*z*w a nonnegative cube, where w,x,y are nonnegative integers and z is an integer.

For more conjectural refinements of Lagrange's four-square theorem, see the author's preprint arXiv:1604.06723.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Yu-Chen Sun and Zhi-Wei Sun, Two refinements of Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1605.03074 [math.NT], 2016.

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1604.06723 [math.GM], 2016.

EXAMPLE

a(1) = 1 since 1 = 0^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with 1*0 + 2*0*0 + 4*0*1 = 0^3.

a(7) = 1 since 7 = 2^2 + 1^2 + (-1)^2 + 1^2 with 1*(-1) + 2*(-1)*1 + 4*1*1 = 1^3.

a(8) = 1 since 8 = 2^2 + 2^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with 2*0 + 2*0*0 + 4*0*2 = 0^3.

a(11) = 1 since 11 = 3^2 + 1^2 + 1^2 + 0^2 with 1*1 + 2*1*0 + 4*0*1 = 1^3.

a(12) = 1 since 12 = 3^2 + 1^2 + (-1)^2 + 1^2 with 1*(-1) + 2*(-1)*1 + 4*1*1 = 1^3.

a(15) = 1 since 15 = 1^2 + 1^2 + (-3)^2 + (-2)^2 with 1*(-3) + 2*(-3)*(-2) + 4*(-2)*1 = 1^3.

a(16) = 1 since 16 = 0^2 + 4^2 + 0^2 + 0^2 with 4*0 + 2*0*0 + 4*0*4 = 0^3.

a(48) = 1 since 48 = 4^2 + 4^2 + 0^2 + 4^2 with 4*0 + 2*0*4 + 4*4*4 = 4^3.

a(112) = 1 since 112 = 4^2 + 8^2 + (-4)^2 + 4^2 with 8*(-4) + 2*(-4)*4 + 4*4*8 = 4^3.

a(131) = 1 since 131 = 9^2 + 3^2 + (-4)^2 + 5^2 with 3*(-4) + 2*(-4)*5 + 4*5*3 = 2^3.

a(176) = 1 since 176 = 12^2 + 4^2 + 0^2 + 4^2 with 4*0 + 2*0*4 + 4*4*4 = 4^3.

a(224) = 1 since 224 = 0^2 + 8^2 + 4^2 + 12^2 with 8*4 + 2*4*12 + 4*12*8 = 8^3.

a(304) = 1 since 304 = 4^2 + 4^2 + (-16)^2 + (-4)^2 with 4*(-16) + 2*(-16)*(-4) + 4*(-4)*4 = 0^3.

a(944) = 1 since 944 = 20^2 + 12^2 + (-16)^2 + 12^2 with 12*(-16) + 2*(-16)*12 + 4*12*12 = 0^3.

a(4784) = 1 since 4784 = 60^2 + 28^2 + (-16)^2 + 12^2 with 28*(-16) + 2*(-16)*12 + 4*12*28 = 8^3.

a(8752) = 1 since 8752 = 92^2 + 4^2 + (-16)^2 + (-4)^2 with 4*(-16) + 2*(-16)*(-4) + 4*(-4)*4 = 0^3.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]

CQ[n_]:=QQ[n]=n>=0&&IntegerQ[n^(1/3)]

Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]&&CQ[x*(-1)^j*y+2(-1)^(j+k)*y*z+4*(-1)^k*z*x], r=r+1], {x, 1, Sqrt[n]}, {y, 0, Sqrt[n-x^2]}, {j, 0, Min[1, y]}, {z, 0, Sqrt[n-x^2-y^2]}, {k, 0, Min[1, z]}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 1, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A000578, A260625, A261876, A262357, A267121, A268197, A268507, A269400, A270073, A270969, A271510, A271513, A271518, A271608, A271665, A271714, A271721, A271724, A271775, A271778, A271824, A272084, A272332, A272351, A272620, A272888, A272977, A273021, A273107, A273108, A273110, A273134, A273278, A273294, A273302, A273404, A273429, A273432, A273458, A273568, A273616, A273826.

Sequence in context: A320305 A064025 A182154 * A054709 A121806 A056944

Adjacent sequences:  A273872 A273873 A273874 * A273876 A273877 A273878

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Jun 02 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 11 03:22 EDT 2020. Contains 336421 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)