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A273458 Number of ordered ways to write n as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x-y+z+w a nonnegative cube, where x,y,z,w are integers with x >= y >= 0 and x >= |z| <= |w|. 8
1, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 1, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 3, 6, 3, 2, 5, 3, 9, 3, 1, 1, 7, 5, 3, 7, 10, 4, 6, 2, 10, 2, 6, 2, 12, 7, 2, 5, 9, 3, 3, 6, 13, 3, 8, 3, 18, 3, 8, 5, 7, 3, 3, 5, 13, 8, 5, 3, 19, 4, 7, 7, 16, 1, 11, 5, 14, 7, 2, 3, 12, 5, 4 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n = 0,1,2,....

In the latest version of arXiv:1605.03074, the authors showed that any natural number can be written as x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2 with x,y,z,w integers such that x + y + z + w is a cube (or a square).

For more conjectural refinements of Lagrange's four-square theorem, see the author's preprint arXiv:1604.06723.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

Yu-Chen Sun and Zhi-Wei Sun, Two refinements of Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1605.03074 [math.NT], 2016.

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, arXiv:1604.06723 [math.GM], 2016.

EXAMPLE

a(12) = 1 since 12 = 3^2 + 1^2 + (-1)^2 + (-1)^2 with 3 - 1 + (-1) + (-1) = 0^3.

a(17) = 1 since 17 = 2^2 + 0^2 + 2^2 + (-3)^2 with 2 - 0 + 2 + (-3) = 1^3.

a(28) = 1 since 28 = 3^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 + 3^2 with 3 - 1 + 3 + 3 = 2^3.

a(29) = 1 since 29 = 3^2 + 0^2 + 2^2 + (-4)^2 with 3 - 0 + 2 + (-4) = 1^3.

a(71) = 1 since 71 = 5^2 + 1^2 + 3^2 + (-6)^2 with 5 - 1 + 3 + (-6) = 1^3.

a(149) = 1 since 149 = 8^2 + 0^2 + 2^2 + (-9)^2 with 8 - 0 + 2 + (-9) = 1^3.

a(188) = 1 since 188 = 13^2 + 3^2 + 1^2 + (-3)^2 with 13 - 3 + 1 + (-3) = 2^3.

a(284) = 1 since 284 = 15^2 + 5^2 + 3^2 + (-5)^2 with 15 - 5 + 3 + (-5) = 2^3.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]]

CQ[n_]:=CQ[n]=n>=0&&IntegerQ[n^(1/3)]

Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]&&CQ[x-y+(-1)^j*z+(-1)^k*Sqrt[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]], r=r+1], {y, 0, (n/2)^(1/2)}, {x, y, Sqrt[n-y^2]}, {z, 0, Min[x, Sqrt[(n-x^2-y^2)/2]]}, {j, 0, Min[1, z]}, {k, 0, Min[1, Sqrt[n-x^2-y^2-z^2]]}];

Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 0, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000118, A000290, A000578, A260625, A261876, A262357, A267121, A268197, A268507, A269400, A270073, A270969, A271510, A271513, A271518, A271608, A271665, A271714, A271721, A271724, A271775, A271778, A271824, A272084, A272332, A272351, A272620, A272888, A272977, A273021, A273107, A273108, A273110, A273134, A273278, A273294, A273302, A273404, A273429, A273432, A273568.

Sequence in context: A268616 A002233 A241516 * A159953 A074595 A084126

Adjacent sequences:  A273455 A273456 A273457 * A273459 A273460 A273461

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, May 22 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 15 12:13 EST 2019. Contains 329999 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)