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A272544 Number of active (ON,black) cells at stage 2^n-1 of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 493", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. 0
1, 8, 44, 204, 876, 3652, 14972, 60588, 243604, 976380, 3907732, 15630108, 62502964, 249929340, 999409492, 3996593628 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero.

REFERENCES

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..15.

N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

Index to 2D 5-Neighbor Cellular Automata

Index to Elementary Cellular Automata

FORMULA

Conjecture: a(n) = (2142*4^(n-3) + 196*3^(n-4) - 531*2^(n-3) + 144)/9, n>5. - Lars Blomberg, Jul 07 2016

MATHEMATICA

CAStep[rule_, a_]:=Map[rule[[10-#]]&, ListConvolve[{{0, 2, 0}, {2, 1, 2}, {0, 2, 0}}, a, 2], {2}];

code=493; stages=128;

rule=IntegerDigits[code, 2, 10];

g=2*stages+1; (* Maximum size of grid *)

a=PadLeft[{{1}}, {g, g}, 0, Floor[{g, g}/2]]; (* Initial ON cell on grid *)

ca=a;

ca=Table[ca=CAStep[rule, ca], {n, 1, stages+1}];

PrependTo[ca, a];

(* Trim full grid to reflect growth by one cell at each stage *)

k=(Length[ca[[1]]]+1)/2;

ca=Table[Table[Part[ca[[n]][[j]], Range[k+1-n, k-1+n]], {j, k+1-n, k-1+n}], {n, 1, k}];

on=Map[Function[Apply[Plus, Flatten[#1]]], ca] (* Count ON cells at each stage *)

Part[on, 2^Range[0, Log[2, stages]]] (* Extract relevant terms *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A272543.

Sequence in context: A241395 A271690 A272417 * A272292 A270627 A273639

Adjacent sequences:  A272541 A272542 A272543 * A272545 A272546 A272547

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Robert Price, May 02 2016

EXTENSIONS

a(8)-a(15) from Lars Blomberg, Jul 07 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 22 20:30 EDT 2018. Contains 315270 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)