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A272200 Bisection of primes congruent to 1 modulo 3 (A002476), depending on the corresponding A001479 entry being congruent to 1 modulo 3 or not. Here the first case. 4

%I

%S 13,19,43,61,97,103,109,127,157,163,181,193,241,277,283,331,349,373,

%T 379,409,433,463,487,499,523,601,607,619,631,661,673,691,727,733,757,

%U 769,787,811,859,883,937,967,991

%N Bisection of primes congruent to 1 modulo 3 (A002476), depending on the corresponding A001479 entry being congruent to 1 modulo 3 or not. Here the first case.

%C The other primes congruent to 1 modulo 3 are given in A272201.

%C Each prime == 1 (mod 3) has a unique representation A002476(m) = A(m)^2 + 3*B(m)^2 with positive A(m) = A001479(m+1) and B(m) = A001480(m+1), m >= 1 (see also A001479). The present sequence gives such primes corresponding to A(m+1) == 1 (mod 3). The ones corresponding to A(m+1) not == 1 (mod 3) (the complement) are given in A272201.

%C This bisection of the primes from A002476 is needed in the formula for the coefficients of the q-expansion (q = exp(2*Pi*i*z), Im(z) > 0) of the modular cusp form (eta(6*z))^4|_{z=z(q)} = Eta64(q) with Dedekind's eta function. See A000727 which gives the coefficients of the q-expansion of F(q) = Eta64(q^{1/6})/q^{1/6} = (Prod_{m>=0} (1 - q^m))^4. The coefficients F(q) = Sum_{n >= 0} f(6*n+1)*q^n are given in the Finch link on p.5, using multiplicativity. For primes congruent to 1 modulo 6 the formula involves x_p and y_p which are the present A and B for prime p == 1 (mod 3).

%C See also the p-defects of the elliptic curve y^2 = x^3 + 1, related to (eta(6*z))^4, given in A272198 with another (equivalent) way to find the coefficients of the Eta64(q) expansion, hence those of F(q).

%H Robert Israel, <a href="/A272200/b272200.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000</a>

%H S. R. Finch, <a href="https://arxiv.org/abs/math/0701251">Powers of Euler's q-Series</a>, arXiv:math/0701251 [math.NT], 2007.

%F This sequence collects the 1 (mod 3) primes p(m) = A002476(m) = A(m)^2 + 3*B(m)^2 with positive A(m) == 1 (mod 3), for m >= 1. A(m) = A001479(m+1).

%p filter:= proc(n) local S,x,y;

%p if not isprime(n) then return false fi;

%p S:= remove(hastype,[isolve(x^2+3*y^2=n)],negative);

%p subs(S[1],x) mod 3 = 1

%p end proc:

%p select(filter, [seq(i,i=7..1000,6)]); # _Robert Israel_, Apr 29 2019

%t filterQ[n_] := Module[{S, x, y}, If[!PrimeQ[n], Return[False]]; S = Solve[x > 0 && y > 0 && x^2 + 3 y^2 == n, Integers]; Mod[x /. S[[1]], 3] == 1];

%t Select[Range[7, 1000, 6], filterQ] (* _Jean-Fran├žois Alcover_, Apr 21 2020, after _Robert Israel_ *)

%Y Cf. A000727, A001479, A002476, A001480, A272198, A272201 (complement relative to A002476).

%K nonn,easy

%O 1,1

%A _Wolfdieter Lang_, Apr 28 2016

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Last modified April 21 04:42 EDT 2021. Contains 343146 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)