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A270684 First differences of number of active (ON,black) cells in n-th stage of growth of two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 190", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. 1
4, 7, 12, 8, 20, 8, 28, 8, 36, 8, 44, 8, 52, 8, 60, 8, 68, 8, 76, 8, 84, 8, 92, 8, 100, 8, 108, 8, 116, 8, 124, 8, 132, 8, 140, 8, 148, 8, 156, 8, 164, 8, 172, 8, 180, 8, 188, 8, 196, 8, 204, 8, 212, 8, 220, 8, 228, 8, 236, 8, 244, 8, 252, 8, 260, 8, 268, 8 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

Initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero.

REFERENCES

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.

LINKS

Robert Price, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..127

N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

Index to 2D 5-Neighbor Cellular Automata

Index to Elementary Cellular Automata

FORMULA

Conjectures from Colin Barker, Mar 21 2016: (Start)

a(n) = 2*(3-(-1)^n+n+(-1)^n*n) for n>1.

a(n) = 4*n+4 for n>1 and even.

a(n) = 8 for n>1 and odd.

a(n) = 2*a(n-2)-a(n-4) for n>3.

G.f.: (4+7*x+4*x^2-6*x^3-x^5) / ((1-x)^2*(1+x)^2).

(End)

MATHEMATICA

CAStep[rule_, a_]:=Map[rule[[10-#]]&, ListConvolve[{{0, 2, 0}, {2, 1, 2}, {0, 2, 0}}, a, 2], {2}];

code=190; stages=128;

rule=IntegerDigits[code, 2, 10];

g=2*stages+1; (* Maximum size of grid *)

a=PadLeft[{{1}}, {g, g}, 0, Floor[{g, g}/2]]; (* Initial ON cell on grid *)

ca=a;

ca=Table[ca=CAStep[rule, ca], {n, 1, stages+1}];

PrependTo[ca, a];

(* Trim full grid to reflect growth by one cell at each stage *)

k=(Length[ca[[1]]]+1)/2;

ca=Table[Table[Part[ca[[n]][[j]], Range[k+1-n, k-1+n]], {j, k+1-n, k-1+n}], {n, 1, k}];

on=Map[Function[Apply[Plus, Flatten[#1]]], ca] (* Count ON cells at each stage *)

Table[on[[i+1]]-on[[i]], {i, 1, Length[on]-1}] (* Difference at each stage *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A270681.

Sequence in context: A061956 A178939 A072732 * A083487 A253129 A249918

Adjacent sequences:  A270681 A270682 A270683 * A270685 A270686 A270687

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Robert Price, Mar 21 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 25 20:26 EDT 2017. Contains 288730 sequences.