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A266968 Number of ordered ways to write n as x^5+y^4+z^3+w*(w+1)/2, where x, y, z and w are nonnegative integers with z > 0 and w > 0. 5
0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 4, 4, 2, 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 5, 2, 2, 4, 3, 2, 5, 6, 5, 2, 1, 2, 4, 5, 5, 6, 4, 3, 4, 4, 1, 2, 4, 5, 5, 4, 4, 2, 3, 2, 4, 5, 4, 6, 5, 4, 3, 5, 6, 5, 4, 4, 3, 4, 5, 4, 3, 2, 5, 7 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 1, and a(n) = 1 only for n = 2, 6, 7, 14, 21, 22, 26, 41, 51, 184, 189, 206, 225, 229, 526, 708.

(ii) Any natural number can be written as 2*x^5 + y^4 + z^3 + w*(w+1)/2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers. Also, each natural number can be written as x^5 + 2*y^4 + z^3 + w*(w+1)/2 with x,y,z,w nonnegative integers.

(iii) For each d = 1,2, every natural number can be written as x^5 + y^4 + z^3 + w*(3w+1)/d with x,y,z nonnegative integers and w an integer.

(iv) Any natural number can be written as x^4 + y^4 + z^3 + w*(3w+1)/2 with x,y,z nonnegative integers and w an integer.

Also, for each P(w) = w(3w+1)/2, w(7w+3)/2, we can write any natural number as x^4 + y^3 + z^3 + P(w) with x,y,z nonnegative integers and w an integer.

(v) Any natural number can be written as the sum of a nonnegative cube and three pentagonal numbers. Also, every n = 0,1,2,... can be expressed as the sum of two nonnegative cubes and two pentagonal numbers.

We have verified that a(n) > 1 for all n = 2..3*10^6.

Compare this conjecture with the conjectures in A262813, A262827, A270559 and A271026.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

Z.-W. Sun, Mixed sums of squares and triangular numbers, Acta Arith. 127(2007), 103-113.

Z.-W. Sun, On universal sums of polygonal numbers, Sci. China Math. 58(2015), 1367-1396.

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 1 since 2 = 0^5 + 0^4 + 1^3 + 1*2/2.

a(6) = 1 since 6 = 1^5 + 1^4 + 1^3 + 2*3/2.

a(7) = 1 since 7 = 0^5 + 0^4 + 1^3 + 3*4/2.

a(14) = 1 since 14 = 0^5 + 0^4 + 2^3 + 3*4/2.

a(21) = 1 since 21 = 1^5 + 2^4 + 1^3 + 2*3/2.

a(22) = 1 since 22 = 0^5 + 0^4 + 1^3 + 6*7/2.

a(26) = 1 since 26 = 1^5 + 2^4 + 2^3 + 1*2/2.

a(41) = 1 since 41 = 2^5 + 0^4 + 2^3 + 1*2/2.

a(51) = 1 since 51 = 2^5 + 1^4 + 2^3 + 4*5/2.

a(184) = 1 since 184 = 0^5 + 0^4 + 4^3 + 15*16/2.

a(189) = 1 since 189 = 1^5 + 2^4 + 1^3 + 18*19/2.

a(206) = 1 since 206 = 2^5 + 3^4 + 3^3 + 11*12/2.

a(225) = 1 since 225 = 0^5 + 3^4 + 2^3 + 16*17/2.

a(229) = 1 since 229 = 1^5 + 3^4 + 3^3 + 15*16/2.

a(526) = 1 since 526 = 3^5 + 1^4 + 6^3 + 11*12/2.

a(708) = 1 since 708 = 1^5 + 5^4 + 3^3 + 10*11/2.

MATHEMATICA

TQ[n_]:=TQ[n]=n>0&&IntegerQ[Sqrt[8n+1]]

Do[r=0; Do[If[TQ[n-x^5-y^4-z^3], r=r+1], {x, 0, n^(1/5)}, {y, 0, (n-x^5)^(1/4)}, {z, 1, (n-x^5-y^4)^(1/3)}]; Print[n, " ", r]; Continue, {n, 0, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000217, A000326, A000578, A000583, A000584, A001318, A262813, A262815, A262816, A262827, A270469, A270488, A270516, A270533, A270559, A270566, A270920, A271026.

Sequence in context: A190321 A338409 A238890 * A237593 A338169 A243847

Adjacent sequences:  A266965 A266966 A266967 * A266969 A266970 A266971

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Mar 28 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 16 04:49 EDT 2021. Contains 343030 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)