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A260858 Base-8 representation of a(n) is the concatenation of the base-8 representations of 1, 2, ..., n, n-1, ..., 1. 1
0, 1, 81, 5329, 342225, 21911761, 1402427601, 89755965649, 45954960939217, 188231512819194065, 770996276517410920657, 3158000748616424634669265, 12935171066332946781853145297, 52982460687699754593548358342865, 217016158976818195107979529799293137 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Base-8 variant of A173426 (base 10) and A173427 (base 2). See A260853 - A260866 for variants in other bases.

The base 8 is not listed in A260343, because a(8) = A260851(8) = 45954960939217 is not prime and therefore not in A260852. See these sequences for more information.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..14.

D. Broadhurst, Primes from concatenation: results and heuristics, NmbrThry List, August 1, 2015

FORMULA

For n < b = 8, we have a(n) = A_b(n) = R(b,n)^2, where R(b,n) = (b^n-1)/(b-1) are the base-b repunits.

EXAMPLE

a(0) = 0 is the result of the empty sum corresponding to 0 digits.

a(2) = 81 = (8+1)^2 = 8^2 + 2*8 + 1 = 121_8, the concatenation of (1, 2, 1).

a(9) = 12345671011107654321_8, concatenation of (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 10, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1), where the middle "10, 11, 10" are the base-8 representations of 8, 9, 8.

PROG

(PARI) a(n, b=8)=sum(i=1, #n=concat(vector(n*2-1, k, digits(min(k, n*2-k), b))), n[i]*b^(#n-i))

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A187454 A206406 A238172 * A237300 A237937 A060349

Adjacent sequences:  A260855 A260856 A260857 * A260859 A260860 A260861

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

M. F. Hasler, Aug 01 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 7 00:16 EST 2019. Contains 329812 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)