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A257916 a(n) is the largest x that is a member of a pair (x, y) of integers with x - y > 1 such that x^2 - y^2 is equal to the Fermat number 2^(2^n) + 1, or 0 if no such number exists. 2
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 3350529, 33640210792449, 2852374425137128275969, 46730819857678988884581779099803448292025618771438557470916609 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,6

COMMENTS

2^(2^n) + 1 belongs to A019434 if and only if a(n) = 0.

REFERENCES

M. Krizek, F. Luca, L. Somer, 17 Lectures on Fermat Numbers: From Number Theory to Geometry, CMS Books in Mathematics, vol. 9, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, p. 6.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..8.

Wikipedia, Fermat number

FORMULA

If F(n) = 2^(2^n) + 1 is composite, then a(n) = (A032742(F(n)) + A093179(n))/2.

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = {my(fn = 2^(2^n) + 1); if (isprime(fn), return (0)); my(spf = factor(fn)[1, 1]); (fn/spf + spf)/2; } \\ Michel Marcus, Jun 07 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000215, A257917.

Sequence in context: A083635 A116306 A257917 * A015408 A036472 A206168

Adjacent sequences:  A257913 A257914 A257915 * A257917 A257918 A257919

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Arkadiusz Wesolowski, May 12 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 22 07:02 EDT 2017. Contains 290943 sequences.